About This Chapter
Crime and Deviance - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This Crime and Deviance chapter explores various theories and approaches related to criminal activities and deviant behaviors. Social control concepts and the criminal justice system are also covered. By watching the video lessons in this chapter, you should learn more about:
- The differential association theory of Sutherland
- The contrasts between blue and white collar crime
- Durkheim's theories of deviance
|Sociological Theories of Deviance: Definitions and Theoretical Perspectives||Learn about Merton's perspectives on deviance.|
|Street Crime vs. White Collar Crime: Definitions and Examples||Discover some of the differences between these types of crimes.|
|Crime and Deviance in the U.S. Criminal Justice System: Punishment and Due Process||Learn about rehabilitation, societal protection, retribution and deterrence.|
|Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational||Discover the ways in which informal social control affect formal social control.|
|Labeling Theory and Crime: Stigma and Retrospective and Projective Labeling||Read about Hirschi's control theory.|
|Social-Conflict Theory and Crime Definitions and Approach to Deviance||Study aspects of capitalism and deviance as well as organized and corporate crime.|
|Theories of Crime: Symbolic Interactionism vs. Structural Functionalism||Discuss contrasts between these two approaches.|
1. Street Crime vs. White-Collar Crime: Definitions & Examples
Different types of people tend to commit different types of crimes. This lesson takes a sociological look at the differences between street crime and white-collar crime and the differences between street criminals and white-collar criminals.
2. Sociological Theories of Deviance: Definitions and Theoretical Perspectives
There is a diverse range of behaviors in society that goes against expectations and cultural norms. In this lesson, we define and go over some examples of the different types of deviance. We also discuss two sociological theories about deviance created by Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton.
3. Crime and Deviance in the U.S. Criminal Justice System: Punishment and Due Process
In this lesson, we discuss the U.S. criminal justice system and how it deals with deviant acts. We define due process and discuss four rationales for social punishment: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection.
4. Labeling Theory and Crime: Stigma & Retrospective and Projective Labeling
Labeling others is common in our society. In this lesson, we discuss the specifics of labeling theory, including when and why people are labeled. We also distinguish between retroactive and projective labeling and briefly discuss Travis Hirschi's control theory.
5. Social Conflict Theory and Crime: Definitions and Approach to Deviance
In this lesson, we discuss the social conflict approach to deviance, including the connection between deviance and power as well as deviance and capitalism. We also discuss the difference between white-collar and blue-collar crime and define corporate crime and organized crime.
6. Theories of Crime: Symbolic Interactionism vs. Structural Functionalism
Sociologists use several theories to study society and societal issues, such as crime and deviance. This lesson examines the symbolic interactionism and structural functionalism perspectives and gives examples of each.
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