About This Chapter
Diversity in Society - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Diversity is a catch-all word that belies a broad range of social and economic experiences in a given society. In this series of lessons, you'll gain the theoretical and practical knowledge to understand how social and economic status and stratification are established and maintained. General social and economic concepts and specific examples (such as the caste system and the American class system) are taught in concert with interrelated demographic concepts like age and gender.
You'll also learn about factors that push people up or down in strata, as well as how people can take control of their own place in society. Key definitions and theories in sociology are presented, and self-assessment quizzes can show you where to devote your studies. Through these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- Essential sociological vocabulary, like 'caste', 'class', and 'social mobility'
- What factors influence social stratification
- Types of poverty and how they differ
- The difference between income and wealth in America
- Types of social mobility
|Social Status: Caste vs. Class and Social Stratification||Understand how caste differs from class, and explain how social stratification works.|
|Social Stratification Factors: Wealth, Power, & Prestige||Describe how these factors influence and maintain social stratification.|
|American Class System and Structure: Definitions & Types of Social Classes||Define class definitions, and explain how the American class system is structured. Explain how income differs from wealth.|
|Social Mobility Definition and Types: Intragenerational vs. Intergenerational and Vertical vs. Horizontal||List types of social mobility, and define them.|
|Poverty in the United States: Definitions of Relative & Absolute Poverty||Explain how relative poverty differs from absolute poverty. Discuss the intersection of poverty and other characteristics, like gender, race, and age. Define the terms 'working poor' and 'homeless.'|
|Theoretical Perspectives on Social Stratification||Articulate key theories related to social stratification, including symbolic interactionism, conflict, and functionalism.|
|Global Stratification Definition: Differences in Income Levels and Poverty||Discuss country income levels, and describe poverty as it relates to the modernization theory and dependency theory.|
1. Social Status: Caste vs. Class and Social Stratification
Social hierarchies exist in all societies and cultures. In this lesson, we define social stratification and its characteristics. We also discuss the difference between open and closed systems, including what differentiates a caste from a class.
2. Social Stratification Factors: Wealth, Power, & Prestige
All societies rank their members using a hierarchy. This is known as social stratification. This lesson explores the U.S. social stratification system and the social stratification factors of wealth, power, and prestige.
3. American Class System and Structure: Definitions & Types of Social Classes
In this lesson, we discuss the American class system and the social stratification layers that exist within each class. We also differentiate between income and wealth and discuss how they relate to social status.
4. Social Mobility Definition and Types: Intragenerational vs. Intergenerational & Vertical vs. Horizontal
In our society, some individuals and families experience drastic changes in social status and lifestyle. In this lesson, we define social mobility and discuss different types, including intragenerational, intergenerational, vertical, and horizontal mobility.
5. Poverty in the United States: Definitions of Relative & Absolute Poverty
Today, a significant number of Americans suffer from poverty. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between relative poverty and absolute poverty. We also examine the populations that are most at risk.
6. Global Stratification Definition: Differences in Income Levels and Poverty
In this lesson, we define global stratification and discuss how nations are stratified. We discuss the outdated three-world model as well as the current differences between high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries.
7. Social Stratification: Definition, Theories & Examples
Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Let's examine some of the theories surrounding this concept.
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Other chapters within the UExcel Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- UExcel Sociology: Introduction to Sociology
- UExcel Sociology: Key Sociology Theorists
- UExcel Sociology: Sociology Research Methods
- UExcel Sociology: Foundations of Society
- UExcel Sociology: Social Groups & Organizations
- UExcel Sociology: Race and Ethnicity in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Sex and Gender in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Aging in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Economics and Politics
- UExcel Sociology: Family
- UExcel Sociology: Religion
- UExcel Sociology: Education
- UExcel Sociology: Health and Medicine
- UExcel Sociology: Crime and Deviance
- UExcel Sociology: Social Change Over Time
- UExcel Introduction to Sociology Flashcards