About This Chapter
Education - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Education plays a key role in the socialization of children as well as teaching them essential skills like literacy; however, it's important to note that education theory and principles aren't applied universally - external factors like culture have a strong influence in children's education.
In this series of video lessons, you'll learn about the full sphere of a school's function, as well as the primary advantages and disadvantages of education programs like tracking and the role schooling plays in social inequality. You'll also gain an understanding of both sides of several common education issues, such as education quality in public vs. homeschool settings and the relationship between class size and educational achievement. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- Cultural variations in education
- Reasons why children are sent to school
- Education's influence on social inequality
- Contemporary issues in education
|Schooling: Cultural Differences in Schooling Theory||Describe how the U.S. and several other countries approach schooling of children and young people.|
|Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Innovation, Integration & Latent Functions||Explain why children are sent to school; include the latent functions and the hidden curriculum of school.|
|School Controversies: Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Tracking||Summarize self-fulfilling prophecies and tracking as they relate to education, and discuss the pros and cons of each (with regard to students).|
|Impact & Role of Education on Social Inequality||Describe the role of schools in perpetuating or mitigating social inequality.|
|Challenges in Education: School Choice, Homeschooling, Special Needs & More||Outline key aspects of current issues in education, including teacher shortages.|
1. Schooling: Cultural Differences in Schooling Theory
Education is not valued the same in all cultures, nor do all societies provide equal access to education. Learn about schooling and cultural differences in schooling theory. Explore schooling in lower-income and higher-income countries, and understand compulsory education laws, as well as creeping credentialism.
2. Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Transmission, Integration & Latent Functions
While schools strive to provide education, teaching important knowledge and skills, they also have other functions in our society. Explore the manifest functions of schools in socialization, cultural transmission, and integration. Recognize that schools also have latent functions and understand the concept of hidden curriculums.
3. School Controversies: Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Tracking
Our educational system is often the source of controversies. Learn about self-fulfilling prophecies and tracking, and understand why these are controversies in our schools. Understand the Pygmalion effect of self-fulfilling prophecies and explore the benefits of tracking.
4. Impact & Role of Education on Social Inequality
Schools are sometimes described as sorting machines that categorize students based on skills and interests. This process can perpetuate inequalities. This lesson explores the impact and role of education on social inequality.
5. Challenges in Education: School Choice, Homeschooling, Special Needs & More
Current issues in education include school choice, educational vouchers, mainstreaming special needs students and teacher shortages. This lesson takes a sociological look at some of today's educational challenges.
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