About This Chapter
Key Sociology Theorists - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Sociology theories explore the correlation between various facts and propositions about our society. Well-known sociology theorists such as Herbert Spencer, W.E.B. DuBois, Karl Marx, Max Weber and Talcott Parsons conducted sociological research and greatly influenced the field. Watching the video lessons in this Key Sociology Theorists chapter should increase your knowledge of:
- Marx's theories on class conflict
- The different kinds of society as described by Gerhard Lenski
- The key theories of Max Weber
- Robert K. Merton's theories on manifest functions
|Karl Marx: Theory of Class Consciousness and False Consciousness||Learn about Marx's theories on social inequalities.|
|Karl Marx on Religion: How Religion Affects Social Inequality||Explore Marx's belief that religion promoted social inequalities.|
|Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism and Capitalism||Explain the differences between proletarians, capitalists and bourgeoisie.|
|Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management||Study Max Weber's ideal bureaucracy.|
|Emile Durkheim: Society, Integration Level and Suicide Study||Read about Durkheim's study on suicide, and explore the relationship between integration level and society.|
|Emile Durkheim's Theories: Functionalism, Anomie and Division of Labor||Study the correlation between anomie and modernity.|
|W.E.B. DuBois: Theories, Accomplishments and Double Consciousness||Learn about the sociological theories and accomplishments of W.E.B. DuBois.|
|Harriet Martineau: Theories and Contributions to Society||Discuss Martineau's belief that all of society, including women, should be researched and studied.|
|C. Wright Mills: Sociological Imagination and the Power Elite||Explore Mills' key sociological theories.|
|Robert K. Merton: Theories and Functionalism||Learn about latent functions and dysfunctions.|
|Gerhard Lenski's Theories of Sociocultural Evolution, Social Stratification and Technology||Discover Lenski's beliefs about technology's role in our society.|
1. Karl Marx: Theory of Class Consciousness and False Consciousness
In this lesson, you will learn what Karl Marx meant by a society having a class consciousness and a false consciousness. This lesson will also discuss how, according to Marx, these two elements can either help or hinder working-class members of a society.
2. Karl Marx on Religion: How Religion Affects Social Inequality
This lesson will discuss Karl Marx's view of how religion is an 'opiate for the people' and perpetuates social inequality. It will discuss how Karl Marx believed that religion was a way for the poor to accept their poverty and for the wealthy to control the poor.
3. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism
In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.
4. Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management
At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations. Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where organizations are more authoritative, rigid and structured. This lesson will describe the development of bureaucracy and common characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.
5. Emile Durkheim: Society, Integration Level & Suicide Study
In this lesson, we will focus on the research conducted by Emile Durkheim regarding the rate of suicide and social factors that may contribute to suicide.
6. Emile Durkheim's Theories: Functionalism, Anomie and Division of Labor
How does a society function? This lesson will help answer this question through an exploration of Emile Durkheim's theories of functionalism, anomie, and division of labor.
7. W.E.B. Du Bois: Theories, Accomplishments & Double Consciousness
W.E.B. Du Bois was an important figure in American civil rights history, and his idea of the double consciousness delved into what it felt like to live as a black person in a white people's world. Learn more about his life and works in this lesson.
8. Harriet Martineau: Theories and Contributions to Sociology
In this lesson, we will look at the contributions to sociology made by Harriet Martineau. She is considered the first woman sociologist and studied many social problems of her time.
9. C. Wright Mills: Sociological Imagination and the Power Elite
This lesson discusses the sociologist C. Wright Mills and his view on the power elite and the sociological imagination. In this lesson, you will also discover what the term sociological imagination means and how it relates to social issues.
10. Robert K. Merton: Theories and Functionalism
This lesson will discuss Robert Merton's functionalist view of society. Merton distinguished between the types of functions within each social structure - manifest functions and latent functions. This lesson also discusses how not all functions serve a society positively.
11. Gerhard Lenski's Theories of Sociocultural Evolution, Social Stratification & Technology
In this lesson, you will learn how Gerhard Lenski studied the amount of technology a society had and how such technology could allow a society to evolve and change. This lesson will also describe the various types of societies and their level of technology.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the UExcel Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- UExcel Sociology: Introduction to Sociology
- UExcel Sociology: Sociology Research Methods
- UExcel Sociology: Foundations of Society
- UExcel Sociology: Social Groups & Organizations
- UExcel Sociology: Diversity in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Race and Ethnicity in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Sex and Gender in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Aging in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Economics and Politics
- UExcel Sociology: Family
- UExcel Sociology: Religion
- UExcel Sociology: Education
- UExcel Sociology: Health and Medicine
- UExcel Sociology: Crime and Deviance
- UExcel Sociology: Social Change Over Time
- UExcel Introduction to Sociology Flashcards