About This Chapter
Religion - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Religion can be a hot-button issue, but it can also shed a lot of light on a population from a sociological point of view. In this series of video lessons, you'll gain competence in using the necessary vocabulary to discuss theoretical and practical demonstrations of religious faith or lack of it.
Foundational concepts in several major religions are covered, as well as a basic comparison of faiths from the most broad points of commonality, such as polytheism and monotheism. You'll also learn about newer concepts in religion, such as the new age movement, civil religion, and liberation theology. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- Primary vocabulary used to discuss religion in general
- Core theoretical analyses of religion
- Similarities and differences among mono- and polytheistic religions
- Comparisons among societies and cultures that espouse religious, secular, and civil religious values
|Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism||Discuss these three religious views, and list differences among them.|
|Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions||Explain important vocabulary, such as faith, ritual, sacred, profane, church, sect, cult, and totem.|
|Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity||Identify characteristics of monotheistic faiths. Explain basic tenets of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.|
|Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism||Identify characteristics of polytheistic faiths. Explain basic tenets of Hinduism and Buddhism; note similarities between Hinduism and Confucianism.|
|Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures||Describe concepts of religiosity, secularization, and civil religion as they can be applied to individual people or across a broader population.|
|New Age Movement & Spirituality||Discuss what the new age movement has in common with spirituality.|
|Theoretical Analyses of Religion||Understand key theoretical concepts, such as structural functionalism and symbolic interactionism.|
|Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology||Provide an explanation of the theoretical underpinnings of Protestantism in social change and liberation theology.|
1. Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism
Sociology of religion is a large branch of sociology. The different views on deities are studied as part of this topic. In this lesson, we compare and contrast the views of theism, atheism, and agnosticism.
2. Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions
Sociologists strive to study every aspect of religion in an objective way. In this lesson, we define religion and identify key concepts that are found in religion. We also discuss the difference between churches, sects, and cults.
3. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity
In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.
4. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism
Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
5. Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures
In this lesson, we define religiosity, secularization, and civil religion. We'll also discuss these concepts both on an individual and cultural scale.
6. New Age Movement & Spirituality
The following lesson will cover some general patterns of the New Age Movement and how it differs from a traditional religion. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
7. Theoretical Analyses of Religion
The following lesson will explain how religion's place in society is using different sociological perspectives. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
8. Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology
Religion can, at times, be a powerful agent for social change. In this lesson, we discuss two examples of the dichotomy between religion and the secular world, including Max Weber's book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, as well as the concept of liberation theology.
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