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Ch 8: UExcel Sociology: Sex and Gender in Society

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons, and learn about sex and gender differences, theories and characteristics. The quizzes that follow each of the lessons can help you gauge your comprehension of the materials.

Sex and Gender in Society - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

This Sex and Gender in Society chapter explores the sexual revolution as well as the theoretical analyses of gender and sexuality. Feminism, sexism and sexual controversies are also examined. After you have watched this chapter's video lessons, you should have increased your knowledge of:

  • The one-child policy in China
  • Social conflict and structural functionalism
  • The gender differences in victims of violence
  • The glass ceiling and the pay gap

Video Objective
Sex vs. Gender: Impact of Socialization on Gender Explore gender roles, and discover how socialization can be affected by gender.
Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences and Characteristics Study Kinsey's sexual preference scale.
Theoretical Analyses of Sexuality Define and discuss symbolic interactionism.
Theoretical Analyses of Gender Explore social conflict as it relates to gender.
The Sexual Revolution: History, Origins and Impact Discover the effects of the sexual revolution on contemporary America.
Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views Learn about the gender research and views of Mead and Murdock.
Second Shift in Sociology: Definition, Lesson and Quiz Learn about the Second Shift concept.
The Intersectionality Theory of Gender Explain this theory on gender.
Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms Explore different forms of sexism that include ambivalent, old-fashioned and modern.
Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts Discuss endogamy, polygamy and exogamy.
Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints Explore varying points of view on topics such as teen pregnancy and birth control.
Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts Discuss women's 'second shift' and the glass escalator.
Violence Against Men and Women: Definitions and Gender Differences Examine the gender differences in instances of sexual assault, domestic violence and rape as well as the various resources available to men and women.
Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment Learn about the distinctions between these types of harassment.
Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture and Radical Discover the differences between these forms of feminism.

15 Lessons in Chapter 8: UExcel Sociology: Sex and Gender in Society
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

1. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.

The Impact of Socialization on Gender

2. The Impact of Socialization on Gender

The following lesson covers how boys and girls are taught how to be boys and girls and where and by whom they are taught this behavior. A short quiz will follow to check your understanding.

Theoretical Analyses of Sexuality

3. Theoretical Analyses of Sexuality

The following lesson explores the different views on the place that sexual feelings and attitudes have in our society. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

Theoretical Analyses of Gender

4. Theoretical Analyses of Gender

The following lesson discusses the role that gender and expected behavior from men and women play in our society. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

The Sexual Revolution: History, Origins & Impact

5. The Sexual Revolution: History, Origins & Impact

The following lesson will discuss how the sexual revolution and the invention of the Pill revolutionized sexual practices for women in the 1960s and 1970s. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views

6. Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views

How much of gender-role expectation is biologically based, and how much is based on culture? This lesson asks that overarching question by discussing three different examinations of gender by culture, each of which offers a different perspective on how influential culture is on gender roles.

The Intersectionality Theory of Gender

7. The Intersectionality Theory of Gender

The following lesson will discuss how sociological statuses such as race, ethnicity, and social status influence gender. A short quiz will follow the lesson.

Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

8. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.

Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts

9. Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts

Explore many types of sexual relationships, including combinations that are considered more or less acceptable in different cultures. Concepts covered in this lesson include family, incest, endogamy vs. exogamy, and different forms of marriage (e.g., monogamy, polygamy, polygyny, and polyandry).

Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints

10. Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints

Views of sexuality differ by person and by culture, which can cause difference in opinion on many sexual controversies. This lesson covers several of those debates, including teen pregnancy, birth control, pornography, and prostitution.

Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts

11. Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts

Sexism and gender differences can be seen in several different contexts within most modern societies. This lesson covers institutional sexism in four general areas: the workplace, family life at home, politics, and the military.

Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences

12. Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences

Some types of crime are especially painful due to their personal nature. This lesson discusses three forms of violence, including sexual assault, rape, and domestic violence. Definitions, basic statistics, and a discussion of gender differences are provided.

Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment

13. Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment

Sexual harassment occurs any time comments, gestures, or physical contact transpires which is unwelcome, repetitive, and deliberate. This lesson defines two types of sexual harassment ('quid pro quo' and 'hostile environment') and provides examples of each.

Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical

14. Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical

This lesson first provides a general definition of feminism. Then, four specific types of feminism are discussed and defined, including liberal feminism, socialist feminism, cultural feminism, and radical feminism. For each type, examples of social changes preferred by that type of feminism are also provided.

Second Shift in Sociology: Definition & Roles

15. Second Shift in Sociology: Definition & Roles

After both Mom and Dad work a 9-5 job outside the home, who makes dinner and does the dishes? If you said 'Mom,' then your family might operate in a sociological paradigm called 'the second shift.'

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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