About This Chapter
Social Groups & Organizations - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Through self-paced video lessons and quizzes, you can expand your theoretical and practical understanding of humans' social groups and organizations - a key building block of society. See more about how groups are established and their roles in society.
While members certainly influence how a group is structured and functions, that relationship goes two ways; explore how people can be changed by membership in a group. Find out what strengths and weaknesses can be attributable to what kinds of leadership styles and types. Understand how some groups and organizations function when they intersect with factors like race and sex. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- Three kinds of leadership styles
- The effect of a group on its membership
- Three kinds of formal organizational structure
- The concept of verstehen
- The phenomena of 'McDonaldization'
|Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups||Discuss social groups by definition and type, and provide examples.|
|Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic||Describe instrumental and expressive leadership styles; describe authoritarian, laissez-faire, and democratic types of leaders.|
|Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational||Define normative and informational conformity. Explain the difference between conformity and obedience.|
|Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups||Explain how group and individual work differs.|
|Social Groups: Dyad and Triad & In-Groups and Out-Groups||Understand types of social groups; discuss in-group favoritism and out-group derogation.|
|Social Network: Ties, Narratives & Actors||Explain how ties and narratives - both weak and strong - are reflected in social networks.|
|Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive||Summarize types of organizational structure.|
|What Is the Bureaucracy? - Role, Structure & Characteristics||List traits of bureaucracies; discuss how they function with regard to race, sex, and evolving concepts such as work.|
|Max Weber: Verstehen and the Rationalization of Society||Explain what verstehen is. Discuss rationalization and bureaucracy; distinguish among several types of rationality.|
|George Ritzer and the McDonaldization of Society: Definition and Principles||Provide the explanation and principles related to Ritzer's concept of 'McDonaldization'.|
1. Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups
The study of social groups is a main focus of many sociologists. In this lesson, we define social groups and differentiate between several different types including primary, secondary, and reference groups.
2. Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic
Most of us are members of many different social groups, and several of those groups have leaders. In this lesson, we define and discuss both instrumental and expressive leadership in groups. We also cover three leadership decision-making styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire.
3. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
4. Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups
Do you prefer to work in a group or by yourself? Why? Working in a group certainly has a number of advantages and disadvantages. In this lesson, we discuss three phenomena that can occur as a result of working in groups: groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation.
5. Social Groups: Dyad and Triad & In-Groups and Out-Groups
How big are your social groups? How do you decide who to include in those groups? In this lesson, we discuss how group size can affect group dynamics and relationships. We also discuss group membership and differentiate between in-groups and out-groups.
6. Social Network: Ties, Narratives & Actors
A social network is a structure of relationships that links people, or groups of people, together. This lesson explains social networks and defines social ties, narratives and actors.
7. Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive
Our modern society is filled with groups of people that range from small families to giant corporations. In this lesson, we discuss the characteristics that must be present in order for a group to be considered a formal organization. We also discuss the differences between coercive, utilitarian, and normative organizations.
8. Max Weber: Verstehen and the Rationalization of Society
Max Weber's work has had a profound impact on sociology. In this lesson, we define and discuss his theory of rationalization and how it has changed social groups and society as a whole over time. We also discuss Weber's other related theories of Verstehen and the iron cage.
9. George Ritzer and the McDonaldization of Society: Definition and Principles
George Ritzer authored 'The McDonaldization of Society' in 1993, and it remains one of the bestselling sociology books of all time. In this lesson, we discuss his concept of McDonaldization and the four main characteristics of McDonaldization that he describes.
10. What Is Social Facilitation? - Definition, Examples & Studies
Social facilitation is a theory that helps us understand why we are motivated to do certain tasks and less motivated for others. Learn more about social facilitation and how it can be effectively used in a variety of situations, and test your knowledge with quiz questions.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the UExcel Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- UExcel Sociology: Introduction to Sociology
- UExcel Sociology: Key Sociology Theorists
- UExcel Sociology: Sociology Research Methods
- UExcel Sociology: Foundations of Society
- UExcel Sociology: Diversity in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Race and Ethnicity in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Sex and Gender in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Aging in Society
- UExcel Sociology: Economics and Politics
- UExcel Sociology: Family
- UExcel Sociology: Religion
- UExcel Sociology: Education
- UExcel Sociology: Health and Medicine
- UExcel Sociology: Crime and Deviance
- UExcel Sociology: Social Change Over Time
- UExcel Introduction to Sociology Flashcards