About This Chapter
Understanding Biochemistry - Chapter Summary
Biochemistry is a fairly complex scientific field, but you can still improve your understanding of topics in biochemistry if you have a well-constructed and comprehensive study guide to help you. If you would like to learn more about this field, you can go through this chapter and read or watch the text and video lessons contained here. These lessons will serve as extremely useful study guides for key topics in biochemistry.
Go through these lessons to learn about the definitions and defining characteristics of essential components of biochemical systems. When reviewing these lessons, you will benefit from the extensive expertise of our lesson instructors who will break down each of these topics in a way that you can easily understand regardless of your scientific background. Included in this chapter are lessons on:
- Cellular respiration
- The definition and reactions of photosynthesis
- Organic chemical reactions
- The structure and functions of carbohydrates, fats and proteins
- The definition and explanation of enzymes
When you complete a particular lesson, you can answer the questions found in that lesson's practice quiz to ensure that you have understood that specific topic. The final chapter exam will help you test yourself on the overall subject once you finish all of the lessons. Make sure that you track your learning progress by using your personal Dashboard as you go through these lessons and quizzes.
1. Cellular Respiration: Energy Transfer in Cells
Watch this short video to learn the basics about converting organic compounds into ATP, also known as cellular respiration. We'll look at an overview of the process.
2. Photosynthesis: Definition & Reactions
Some people may falsely assume plants to be weaker than animals. However, plants and a few other organisms harness light energy from the sun to feed the rest of us. This lesson will introduce you to how they do it.
3. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
4. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. What Are Fats? - Functions & Molecular Structure
There are probably many images that come to mind when you hear the word 'fat.' This lesson is all about fat and will explore the structure and function of this often misunderstood lipid.
7. What are Enzymes? - Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you will discover what enzymes are, explore how they work, and learn why they're needed for your cells' day-to-day functions. The lesson concludes with a quiz to test your knowledge.
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Other chapters within the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Science Subject Concentration (5159): Practice & Study Guide course
- Scientific Inquiry & Methodology
- Scientific Data Collection & Analysis
- Science Laboratory Equipment & Safety
- Major Developments & Historical Figures in Science
- Basic Principles of Matter & Energy
- Relationships Between Matter & Energy
- Structure of an Atom
- Interdisciplinary Applications of Energy & Matter
- Impact of Science & Technology on the Environment
- Energy Production & Resource Use
- Science & Technology Used in Everyday Life
- Science & Public Health
- Mechanics in Physics
- Analyzing Motion & Forces
- Electricity & Magnetic Forces
- Wave Characteristics & Phenomena
- Light, Sound & Waves
- Elements & The Periodic Table
- Chemical Bonding & Simple Chemical Compounds
- Interpreting Chemical Formulas
- Matter & Phase Changes
- Balancing & Using Chemical Equations
- Acid-Base Chemistry
- Understanding Solutions & Solubility
- Structure & Function of Cells & Organelles
- Understanding Genetics
- Theory & Mechanisms of Evolution
- Hierarchical Classification of Living Things
- Plant Structure & Function
- Animal & Human Anatomy & Physiology
- Basics of Ecology
- Earth's Surface Materials
- Earth's Internal Structure & Processes
- Geologic History
- Earth's Hydrosphere
- Earth's Bodies of Water
- Basics of Meteorology
- Earth's Climate & Seasons
- The Solar System & The Earth-Moon-Sun Relationship
- Galaxies & the Universe
- Space Exploration & Technology
- Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Science Subject Concentration Flashcards