About This Chapter
Understanding Cell Structure & Functions - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, we've provided lessons on cell structure and functions to assist you as you study. Some of the subjects included here are the characteristics of living organisms, the similarities and differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, and the structure and function of viruses. This collection of lessons is designed to help you complete the following:
- Define cellular structure and its function
- Describe the functions of organelles in cells
- Outline the six elements common to biological organisms
- Identify the major elements in biological molecules
- Detail the purpose of protein synthesis
- Explain the function of protein synthesis
- Explore the different types of cell division
- Discuss multicellular organisms, tissues and epithelium
Don't worry about studying even the most challenging topics when you have help from this engaging chapter. Our lessons clearly lay out these subjects and allow you to move forward at your own pace. The Dashboard provides a handy way to keep track of your progress through the chapter and to submit any questions you have to one of our instructors.
1. The Defining Characteristics of Living Organisms
A house is not a living thing, but the people, animals, and plants living inside it are. So how do we define 'life'? Learn about seven characteristics that all living organisms have in common, no matter how different they may look on the outside.
2. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences
In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.
3. What Are Viruses? - Definition, Structure & Function
In this lesson, you'll learn some historical facts about viruses and the material they are composed of. Find out more as we review the capsid, nucleic acids, the viral envelope, viruses, virions, bacteriophages and virology.
4. Cellular Structure: Function & Definition
Living organisms are divided into two major types, prokaryotes and eukaryotes. This lesson describes the structure and functions of these two cell types. When you are through, you can test your understanding with a quiz.
5. Organelles in Cells: Definition & Functions
This lesson will focus on the major organelles that are found inside of eukaryotic cells. It will discuss their structures and functions. The differences in organelles found in plant and animal cells will also be covered.
6. Six Elements Common to Biological Organisms
All living things have six key elements in common. Here, we'll examine those six elements, describe their properties and find out why they're crucial to life.
7. Major Elements in Biological Molecules: Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Carbohydrates & Lipids
Bacterial cells have complex macromolecules built from simple molecules. In this lesson, we will look at the major elements in the building blocks of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids.
8. What Is the Purpose of Protein Synthesis?
This lesson will cover the basic steps of protein synthesis. Once we review, we'll look at some key examples of why protein synthesis is important in animals, plants, and bacteria.
9. What Is the Function of Protein Synthesis?
This lesson discusses the function of protein synthesis. We'll explore this very important process and some of the many roles it plays in sustaining life. At the end of the lesson, test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Types of Cell Division
How do cells divide? Do they all divide in the same manner? This lesson answers those questions through an investigation into the three types of cell division: mitosis, meiosis and binary fission.
11. Multicellular Organisms, Tissues and Epithelium
In this lesson on multicellular organisms, you'll take a look at what it actually means to be multicellular and how cells are organized into tissues, organs, and organ systems. This lesson also covers one of the four main tissue types: epithelial tissue.
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Other chapters within the CSET Science Subtest I - General Science (215): Practice & Study Guide course
- Performing Scientific Investigations
- Analysis & Conclusions in Scientific Investigations
- Math Concepts & Scientific Data Analysis
- Engineering Practices, Design & Applications
- Crosscutting Concepts in Science & Engineering
- Understanding Atoms, Elements & the Periodic Table
- Overview of Nuclear Energy
- Overview of Matter
- Chemical Reactions & Biochemistry
- Overview of Newton's Laws of Motion
- Pressure, Fluid Flow & Buoyancy
- Understanding Types of Force
- Graphs of Motion
- Understanding Waves
- Types of Energy & Energy Transfers
- Electricity & Magnetism Fundamentals
- Overview of Plant Biology
- Energy Transfer in Organisms
- Understanding Basics of Ecology
- Overview of Genetics & DNA
- Understanding Principles of Heredity
- Understanding Basics of Evolution
- Formation of the Universe
- Overview of Astronomy
- Earth's Materials, Systems & Surface Processes
- Overview of Plate Tectonics
- Basics of Weather & Climate
- Energy Transfer & Climate Change
- Natural Resources & Hazards
- CSET General Science Subtest 1 Flashcards