About This Chapter
Overview of Colonialism - Chapter Summary
For a thorough overview of the origins of European colonialism, study these engaging and informative history lessons. You'll examine the historical legacies of important historical figures of the time period, including Galileo, Francis Bacon and Rene Decartes, as well as important historical events, such as the Holy Leagues, the Long War, the Gunpowder Treason, the English Civil War and the Commercial Revolution. After completing the chapter, you should be able to:
- Understand the nature of Christian and Turkish conflicts in terms of the Holy Leagues and the Long War
- Explain how colonialism spread across Europe
- Assess the legacies and influence of Francis Bacon and Cardinal Richelieu
- Recognize Galileo's contributions to astronomy and Church's response to them
- Analyze Rene Descartes' philosophy and the Union of Religion
- Know how the Gunpowder Treason affected England after Elizabeth I
- Summarize the failure of Charles I's monarchy and the rise of Cromwell's theocracy during the English Civil War
- Evaluate the economic impact of the Commercial Revolution
Following each lesson is a short quiz to help you reinforce your understanding of the material. You can easily find specific topics on your course Dashboard and use the interactive video timelines to quickly find the information you need to review. If you have a question, feel free to ask one of our expert history instructors. The chapter is entirely self-paced, and you can study wherever and whenever it's convenient.
1. Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea
During the Sixteenth Century, a Christian Holy League fought Ottoman Turks in the Mediterranean Sea in one effort to regain control of the Holy Land. Learn about holy leagues, including how they formed and their role in holy crusades and wars.
2. The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land
The Long War, or Fifteen Years' War, was a prolonged conflict between the Turks of the Ottoman Empire and the Christians of the Habsburg Empire between 1591 and 1606. Learn about the significant battles that shaped the course of The Long War, who the important players were by land, and how the conflict was resolved.
3. Colonialism Across Europe
European exploration across the Atlantic Ocean paved the way for the colonization of the Americas. Explore colonialism across the European nations of Portugal, Spain, France, and England.
4. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy
Sir Francis Bacon is known for developing the scientific method. Learn more about Bacon's contribution and relevance to the scientific revolution and how he sold science to the world.
5. Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World
Cardinal Richelieu holds an important part in the history of France and was one of the world's most influential figures of the 17th century. Learn how he became Chief Minister of France and led the battle against the Huguenots and how that victory would strengthen the monarchy.
6. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church
Galileo is one of the fathers of the scientific method and made a number of other discoveries through the use of his telescope that put him in conflict with the Church. This lesson explores Galileo's legacy and the invention of the telescope.
7. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy
Rene Descartes was a French scientist and philosopher who argued that knowledge is a function of the human mind, not the senses. Explore Descartes' life and works, examine his definitions of perception, and explore how he used science to rationalize a union of religion and philosophy.
8. The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I
In 1604, a group of disgruntled Catholic Englishmen formed a plan of rebellion against King James of England that became known as the Gunpowder Treason. Explore how religious tensions and the persecution of Catholics led to the plot against the king and learn the fates of the conspirators.
9. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy
This lesson highlights the relevant events in the life of King Charles I that lead up to his execution. Learn about how and why he was convicted of high treason and beheaded by his people.
10. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy
Oliver Cromwell ruled as Lord Protector and changed England from a monarchy to a theocracy and would be hated for his persecution of Irish Catholics. Learn about the rise of Cromwell's theocracy and the history of the English Civil War.
11. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe
Near the end of the Middle Ages, European commerce increased and helped spur the Industrial Revolution. Discover how mercantilism and the New World influenced the Commercial Revolution, and understand how the Commercial Revolution influenced banks, joint-stock companies, and inflation.
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Other chapters within the CSET Social Science Subtest I (114): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the CSET Social Science Test
- Prehistory & Early Civilizations
- History of the Ancient East
- Ancient Asian Political and Philosophical Thought
- Ancient Greek Contributions & History
- Hellenism & Athens
- The Roman Republic Rises
- History of the Fall of Rome
- History of the Dark Ages
- Early Middle Ages Overview
- Medieval Warm Period Overview
- Overview of the High Middle Ages
- Overview of the Late Middle Ages
- History of the Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration & Discovery
- The Reformation Throughout Europe
- History of the Elizabethan Era
- Pre-Columbian America
- European Absolutism & Constitutionalism (1648-1715)
- Shifting Eastern European Power (1648-1740)
- 18th Century Empire & Expansion
- The Age of Enlightenment
- Bonaparte & the French Revolution
- Industrialization from 1700-1900
- Global Politics (1760-1848)
- Nationalism in Europe, Africa, Asia & the Americas
- Life & Trends in Europe (1850-1914)
- 19th and 20th Century Imperialism
- Causes & Effects of WWI
- History Between World Wars
- Causes & Effects of WWII
- Genocide & Ethnic Conflicts in the 20th Century
- Western Civilization 1945-Present
- Understanding the Study of Geography
- Geographic Diversity
- Culture in Relation to the Physical Environment
- Effects of Humans on the Environment
- CSET Social Science Subtest 1 Flashcards