About This Chapter
Understanding Common Viruses - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter outline the causes, symptoms and treatments of common viruses. Our expert instructors walk you through the structures and functions of several types of viruses, including hepatitis, HIV, Epstein Barr and more. You'll develop an understanding of how virus families can affect individuals and how people can avoid disease transmission.
These simple and engaging lessons include concise definitions and illustrative examples to help you remember the information. You can print lesson transcripts and take the included self-assessment quizzes to supplement your learning experience. Chapter material is available at any time of day or night, and you can use any computer or mobile device to access the lessons.
How It Helps
Teachers and school employees who need to meet their school district's bloodborne pathogen training requirements can use this course to study the different types of diseases and how they're transmitted from person to person. Whether you're new to the profession or have switched school districts, these training resources will equip you with the necessary virus knowledge. These lessons can also benefit healthcare professionals who need to supplement their knowledge of common viruses and disease transmission.
After finishing the chapter, you should be able to:
- Study the symptoms and treatments for five types of hepatitis
- Analyze the structures and functions of Hepatitis B and C
- Understand how HIV passes from person to person
- Compare and contrast HIV and AIDS
- Identify diseases that can be caused by the parvoviridae virus family
- Recognize diseases caused by the Epstein Barr virus, including lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma
- Discuss viruses that affect the gastrointestinal tract
1. What is Hepatitis? - Definition, Types, Symptoms & Treatment
Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver. This lesson will review each of the five different types of hepatitis. Also, we will review the symptoms of someone suffering from hepatitis as well as the treatment for this disease.
2. Hepatitis B Virus: Structure and Function
Hepatitis B is part of a family of similar viruses that affect the liver. It can be deadly, but is often treatable, and for the past 30 years we've had a vaccine for it. This lesson will further explore the structure and function of the hepatitis B virus.
3. Hepatitis C Virus: Structure and Function
Hepatitis C virus causes both short-term illness and chronic liver disease leading to cirrhosis and cancer. Learn about the virus and how it replicates.
4. Causes and Transmission of HIV
You have likely heard all kinds of information about HIV, but may still have questions about exactly how you get it. This lesson will describe how HIV is transmitted from person to person.
5. HIV vs. AIDS
This lesson will explain the differences between HIV and AIDS. We will review differences in what these diseases are, their symptoms, and the ability to treat each.
6. Fifth Disease: Viruses of the Parvoviridae Virus Family
Learn about how one family of viruses can affect your entire family! We'll cover parvovirus B19, otherwise known as fifth disease or erythema infectiosum, as well as how this virus family can cause Hydrops Fetalis in babies and also affect your favorite pets.
7. Lymphoma and the Epstein Barr Virus: Diseases of the Herpesviridae Virus Family
Find out how the Epstein-Barr virus is involved in all sorts of cancers, such as Burkitt's, Hodgkin's, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, as well as nasopharyngeal carcinoma. You'll also learn about the human cytomegalovirus.
8. Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family
This lesson will focus on something more commonly known as the stomach flu, its more technical name, and how it is spread. We'll also delve into some of the ways we can prevent the stomach flu from affecting us. Find out more as we look into viral gastroenteritis, chlorination, and serotypes.
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