Ch 7: Understanding Diversity through Sociology

About This Chapter

Watch short video lessons you can access anytime to enhance your preparations for a test covering diversity through sociology. Lessons help strengthen your knowledge of the subject, and self-assessment quizzes gauge your comprehension.

Understanding Diversity through Sociology - Chapter Summary

This chapter makes it easy to attain a quality understanding of diversity through sociology. Review fun lessons at your own pace to gain greater insight into topics that include social status, crime and deviance in the U.S., global stratification and the American class system. Upon completion of this chapter, you will be ready to:

  • Define various sociological theories of deviance
  • Discuss the labeling and social conflict theories as they relate to crime
  • Share details about deviance and crime in the U.S. criminal justice system
  • Describe social status and differentiate between caste and class
  • Provide information about the American class system and list types of social classes
  • Identify and describe types of social mobility
  • Explain relative and absolute poverty in the United States
  • Examine global stratification and differences in income levels and poverty

Review one, several, or all lessons in this chapter in any sequence you desire to study diversity through sociology concepts your way. Each lesson is available as a short video you can watch online or a full transcript your can read online or print. Before, during or after examining the lessons, take multiple-choice quizzes to assess your comprehension of the concepts they cover. Get a broader review of the lessons by taking the practice chapter exam.

9 Lessons in Chapter 7: Understanding Diversity through Sociology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Sociological Theories of Deviance: Definitions and Theoretical Perspectives

1. Sociological Theories of Deviance: Definitions and Theoretical Perspectives

There is a diverse range of behaviors in society that goes against expectations and cultural norms. In this lesson, we define and go over some examples of the different types of deviance. We also discuss two sociological theories about deviance created by Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton.

Labeling Theory and Crime: Stigma & Retrospective and Projective Labeling

2. Labeling Theory and Crime: Stigma & Retrospective and Projective Labeling

Labeling others is common in our society. In this lesson, we discuss the specifics of labeling theory, including when and why people are labeled. We also distinguish between retroactive and projective labeling and briefly discuss Travis Hirschi's control theory.

Social Conflict Theory and Crime: Definitions and Approach to Deviance

3. Social Conflict Theory and Crime: Definitions and Approach to Deviance

In this lesson, we discuss the social conflict approach to deviance, including the connection between deviance and power as well as deviance and capitalism. We also discuss the difference between white-collar and blue-collar crime and define corporate crime and organized crime.

Crime and Deviance in the U.S. Criminal Justice System: Punishment and Due Process

4. Crime and Deviance in the U.S. Criminal Justice System: Punishment and Due Process

In this lesson, we discuss the U.S. criminal justice system and how it deals with deviant acts. We define due process and discuss four rationales for social punishment: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection.

Social Status: Caste vs. Class and Social Stratification

5. Social Status: Caste vs. Class and Social Stratification

Social hierarchies exist in all societies and cultures. In this lesson, we define social stratification and its characteristics. We also discuss the difference between open and closed systems, including what differentiates a caste from a class.

American Class System and Structure: Definitions & Types of Social Classes

6. American Class System and Structure: Definitions & Types of Social Classes

In this lesson, we discuss the American class system and the social stratification layers that exist within each class. We also differentiate between income and wealth and discuss how they relate to social status.

Social Mobility Definition and Types: Intragenerational vs. Intergenerational & Vertical vs. Horizontal

7. Social Mobility Definition and Types: Intragenerational vs. Intergenerational & Vertical vs. Horizontal

In our society, some individuals and families experience drastic changes in social status and lifestyle. In this lesson, we define social mobility and discuss different types, including intragenerational, intergenerational, vertical, and horizontal mobility.

Poverty in the United States: Definitions of Relative & Absolute Poverty

8. Poverty in the United States: Definitions of Relative & Absolute Poverty

Today, a significant number of Americans suffer from poverty. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between relative poverty and absolute poverty. We also examine the populations that are most at risk.

Global Stratification Definition: Differences in Income Levels and Poverty

9. Global Stratification Definition: Differences in Income Levels and Poverty

In this lesson, we define global stratification and discuss how nations are stratified. We discuss the outdated three-world model as well as the current differences between high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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