About This Chapter
Understanding Genetics & DNA - Chapter Summary
If you're looking for a quick way to review basic genetics and DNA concepts, look no further than this helpful science chapter. Containing simple and engaging lessons, the chapter provides expert instruction on essential genetics and DNA-related concepts, including genotypes, DNA mutation, genetic bacteria recombinations, genetic manipulation, fungi propagation and much more. Take the included self-assessment quizzes to solidify your understanding of the lesson material. The chapter is entirely self-paced, and our instructors are available to answer any questions you may have. Completing this chapter can help you:
- Evaluate examples of genotypes and phenotypes
- Summarize the haploid life cycle
- Recognize diploid cells
- Differentiate between asexual and sexual reproduction
- Assess fungi propagation in terms of asexual and sexual life cycles
- Explain DNA mutation
- Compare spontaneous and induced mutations
- Identify types of genetic bacteria recombinations
- Assess the advantages and disadvantages of genetic manipulation
- Define genetic engineering
- Understand why DNA plasmids are important in genetic engineering
1. What are Genotypes? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about what genotypes are, where they come from and how they play a major role in determining how your body works and what you look like.
2. What Is a Phenotype? - Definition & Example
Do you have blue eyes or brown eyes, or something else, like hazel? That's your phenotype for eye color. Discover examples of phenotypes, and how they are (partly) determined by your genes.
3. Haploid: Definition, Life Cycle & Example
This lesson addresses the concept of haploid cells. It describes haploid cells and the role they play in various life cycles. Illustrations, real-world examples, and a brief quiz are included.
4. Diploid Cell: Definition & Examples
Diploid cells are the most numerous cells in all living things - plants and animals. In this lesson, you will learn why they're important for life to continue and how they keep future cells healthy.
5. Asexual vs. Sexual Reproduction: Comparison & Characteristics
Did you know that some organisms can reproduce without a mate? Check out this video lesson on asexual versus sexual reproduction to discover the different ways organisms can reproduce and the main differences between mitosis and meiosis.
6. Fungi Propagation: Sexual & Asexual Life Cycles
Not every organism gets to decide between reproducing sexually or asexually, and that makes fungi pretty special. In this lesson we are going to look at different forms of fungi propagation and discover how each works, as well as when and why fungi use each.
7. Mutations: When DNA Is Copied Wrong
In this lesson, we will learn how mutations, or errors in DNA, come about, what kinds of effects they may have, and how they can impact populations as a whole.
8. Spontaneous vs. Induced Mutations
In this lesson you will learn about one of the aspects of nature that makes evolution possible: mutation. Specifically, we'll look at the difference between spontaneous and induced mutations.
9. Types of Genetic Recombination in Bacteria
Genetic recombination in bacteria can occur in a few different ways. This video lesson will explore those methods, providing you with good understanding of how genetic information may be exchanged between these types of cells.
10. Genetic Manipulation: Definition, Pros & Cons
In this lesson, we'll be looking at genetic manipulation, which is essentially the manipulation of gene sequences in living organisms to alter specific traits. We'll also look at how it works and the controversies surrounding it, and then you'll test your knowledge with a quiz!
11. What is Genetic Engineering? - Definition and Examples
How do we make the insulin used by diabetic patients? In this lesson, you'll learn the basics of how genetic engineering can be used to transform a bacterial host cell into a genetically-modified organism that produces human insulin.
12. What is a DNA Plasmid? - Importance to Genetic Engineering
DNA plasmids play an integral part in most genetic engineering experiments. In this lesson, you'll learn about key features of a plasmid, such as a multiple cloning site, an origin of replication, and a selectable marker.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the UExcel Microbiology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Early History of Microbiology
- Fundamentals of Microbiology
- Microbiology Laboratory Procedures
- Understanding Metabolism
- Bacterial Biology
- Understanding Diseases
- Protozoan Diseases
- Understanding Viruses
- Overview of DNA Viruses
- Overview of RNA Viruses
- Overview of Fungal Infections
- Illnesses & Infections of the GI Tract
- Overview of Bacterial STDs
- Understanding Blood-Borne Bacterial Diseases
- Respiratory Bacterial Infections
- Bacterial Skin and Wound Infections
- Immunology Basics
- Structure & Function of the Immune System
- Overview of Antigens
- Disorders of the Immune System
- Serological & Diagnostic Reactions
- Antimicrobial Drugs Overview
- Sterilization & Antiseptic Methods
- Chemical Methods of Microbial Control
- Effectiveness of Antiseptics & Disinfectants
- Microbiology & the Environment
- Food & Industrial Microbiology Overview
- UExcel Microbiology Flashcards