About This Chapter
Understanding Human Growth & Development - Chapter Summary
Access this chapter to find out more about theories related to human growth and development. Lessons will cover the major theorists in this field. You'll also be able to explore how beliefs about human development can be applied to education. We've designed these lessons to help you learn about:
- Current research regarding holistic student development
- Evolutionary theory and the nature vs. nurture debate
- Major developmental theories
- Theories by Freud, Bandura, Piaget and Vygotsky
- Forms of conditioning
Our lessons are short and engaging to make absorbing information about these theories easy. Video lessons include timelines that allow you to quickly locate the theorist you'd like to study. You can compete the self-assessment quizzes that accompany each lesson to gauge how well you understand this subject.
1. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.
2. Holistic Student Development: Research & Promotion
Have you ever wondered how to use current research to promote holistic student development? This lesson discusses how research in nutrition, socioeconomic status, and the family system can be applied to holistic student development.
3. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
4. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
5. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
6. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
7. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
8. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
9. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning
In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Professional School Counselor (5421): Practice & Study Guide course
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- Professional Development for School Counselors
- School and System Governance
- Legal Issues in School Counseling
- Guidance & Counseling Strategies for Schools
- Group Counseling
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- Instructional & Behavioral Management Strategies in Class
- Crisis Intervention for School Counselors
- Student Diversity & Issues in School Counseling
- Consultation in School Counseling
- Interventions & Accommodations in School Counseling
- Management in School Counseling
- Accountability in School Counseling
- Assessment Issues in School Counseling
- School Counseling & Student Outcomes
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