About This Chapter
1. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors, whether extended or mixed are commonly used to communicate ideas and emotions. Although similar, they play a very different role in language than similes. Take a moment to master the differences between these literary tools and learn when and how to apply each.
2. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples
Synecdoche and metonymy are two types of metaphorical expressions that use one word to represent another word or concept. Learn the definitions of synecdoche and metonymy, recognize how they differ, and explore examples of how they are used in literature and poetry.
3. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
Cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations can be useful writing tools that strengthen documents when used appropriately. Learn the definitions of cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and explore examples of how to use them.
4. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
A simile is a comparison of two things that are not alike. Learn the definition of simile, and explore examples of similes to understand how similes are used in literature. Review epic similes, compare similes to metaphors, and recognize the limitations of similes.
5. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
Personification and apostrophe are literary devices that either describe or address non-human objects and ideas as if they were a person. Learn the differences between personification and apostrophe along with examples.
6. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Irony is a literary device used in novels, plays, songs, and even everyday communication to humorously or emphatically react when reality does not meet expectations. Explore the definitions and examples of irony, and learn about the types of irony, including verbal, situational, and dramatic.
7. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
While the words allusion and illusion may sound similar, they are not actually closely related to each other. Learn more about the definitions and examples of allusion (a literary term for an indirect reference to another person, work, person, place or event) and illusion (experiencing - seeing, hearing, tasting, touching, smelling - something that isn't really there).
8. What Are Literary Motifs? - Definition & Examples
Literary motifs are defined as objects or ideas that recur throughout a work of literature. Discover important terms such as major theme, minor theme, subject, and thematic statement (and how they relate to motifs), as well as examples of motifs from 'The Great Gatsby' and 'Sense and Sensibility.'
9. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
In a literary work, narration is the 'point of view' from which the story is told. Discover examples and types of narration including omniscient, limited, and objective, as well as how each affects the scope and meaning of a story.
10. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Authors of many different genres use foreshadowing to clue the reader in about future events in the story. Learn about several types of foreshadowing, including forms of direct foreshadowing, such as omens and prophecies commonly used in classic dramas, intentional misdirects like red herrings, and subtle foreshadowing, such as Chekhov's Gun and symbolic foreshadowing, which are seen more in contemporary works.
11. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples
Authors use allegory for literal and figurative storytelling in their works. Explore different types of allegory such as fables and parables, and discover some famous examples of allegory.
12. Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples
The use of sounds, words, and/or phrases help create mood or develop characters in written works. Discover examples of how consonance, assonance, and repetition add to the plot and/or mood of literary works.
13. Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples
Litotes are a type of understatement rooted in negativity. Explore the use of understatement and litotes as a way to draw attention to a specific quality, to add humor, or to cast a negative light on something or someone, and discover examples from literature.
14. Euphemism: Definition & Examples
Euphemisms allow for conversation about offensive, uncomfortable, or taboo subjects through alternate phrasing. Explore some examples of euphemism in everyday conversation and literature, including 'Hamlet' and 'The Great Gatsby'.
15. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples
In literature, writers often use symbolism (an object, person, animal, color, etc. that represents an abstract idea) and imagery (descriptive language which appeals to all of the senses, adding layers of deeper meaning to a text). See examples of symbolism in works from Langston Hughes, Robert Burns, George Orwell and Kate Chopin, and examples of imagery from Langston Hughes and Sylvia Plath.
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Other chapters within the CLEP Analyzing & Interpreting Literature: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Reading Comprehension Terms & Strategies
- Types of Poetry
- Principles of Prose
- Dramatic Literature
- Romantic British Literature
- Romantic British Poetry
- Victorian Era British Literature
- Modern Era British Literature
- American Literature Foundations
- American Romantic Literature
- American Literary Developments
- Modern Era American Literature
- Modern American Poetry
- Overview of 20th Century American Literature
- Postmodern Literature
- Literary Works in Translation
- Basics of Writing Essays
- CLEP Analyzing & Interpreting Literature Flashcards
- Additional CLEP Analyzing & Interpreting Literature Flashcards