About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Understanding Matter chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Physical and chemical properties of matter||Common physical properties of matter, common chemical properties of matter, distinguishing characteristics of pure substances and mixtures|
|Tuesday||States of matter||Plasma, gases, liquids, solids, kinetic molecular theory and how it explains the properties of liquids and solids|
|Wednesday||Phase diagrams and changes||Determining critical point, triple point and phase equilibrium boundaries based on a phase diagram; changing phase through evaporation, condensation, freezing, melting, sublimation and deposition|
|Thursday||Chemical reactions||Ordinary chemical reactions, energy change, Avogadro's Number, endothermic reactions, exothermic reactions|
|Friday||Separating mixtures||Chromatography, filtration, distillation, deciding which method is appropriate for use with a given mixture|
1. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
2. States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases, & Plasma
Learn the four states of matter in the universe: solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Learn about the differences in shape and volume among the four states, which of the states is the most common and why plasma conducts electricity.
3. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Solids and Liquids
This lesson explores the kinetic molecular theory and how it pertains to the properties of solids and liquids. You'll learn the properties of solids and liquids, discover the types of intermolecular attractions that occur between them and gain an understanding how phase changes happen.
4. Phase Diagrams: Critical Point, Triple Point and Phase Equilibrium Boundaries
Learn what a phase diagram is and how to interpret phase diagrams. Discover how to use a phase diagram to locate the phase equilibrium boundaries. Also, learn what a triple point and critical point are and how to locate them on a phase diagram.
5. Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition
Substances on Earth can exist in one of four phases, but mostly, they exist in one of three: solid, liquid or gas. Learn the six changes of phase: freezing, melting, condensation, vaporization, sublimation and deposition.
6. Common Chemical Reactions and Energy Change
This lesson covers the five common types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion. You will learn how to predict what kind of chemical reaction will occur. You'll also explore how matter is conserved, but energy can change.
7. Avogadro's Number: Using the Mole to Count Atoms
How do we move from the atomic world to the regular world? Because atoms are so tiny, how can we count and measure them? And what do chemists celebrate at 6:02 AM on October 23rd each year? In this lesson, you will be learning how Avogadro's number and the mole can answer these questions.
8. Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
Explore a chemical reaction at the molecular level. Learn about exothermic and endothermic reactions, what they look like and what happens when they occur. Understand enthalpy and how you can use it to predict whether a reaction will be exothermic or endothermic.
9. Chromatography, Distillation and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures
What are some ways that mixtures can be separated? Watch this video to explore several examples of ways you can separate a mixture into its individual components.
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Other chapters within the Physical Science Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Understanding Gases Lesson Plans
- Understanding the Atom & Atomic Structure Lesson Plans
- The Periodic Table Lesson Plan Resource
- Understanding Chemical Bonding Lesson Plans
- Understanding Solutions Lesson Plans
- Stoichiometry Lesson Plan Resource
- Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions Lesson Plans
- Atomic and Nuclear Physics Lesson Plans
- Understanding Motion Lesson Plans
- Force, Motion, and Newton's Laws Lesson Plans
- Work, Energy, Power, and Thermodynamics Lesson Plans
- Waves and Sound in Physical Science Lesson Plan Resources
- Light in Physical Science Lesson Plan Resources
- Electricity Lesson Plan Resources
- Thermal Physics Lesson Plan Resources
- Magnetism Lesson Plan Resources
- Intro to Organic Chemistry Lesson Plan Resources
- The Universe Lesson Plan Resources
- Atmospheric Science Lesson Plan Resources
- Geologic Time Lesson Plan Resources
- The Internal Structure of the Earth Lesson Plans
- Plate Tectonics Lesson Plan Resources
- Minerals and Rocks Lesson Plan Resources
- Igneous Rocks Lesson Plan Resources
- Sedimentary Rocks - A Deeper Look Lesson Plans
- Volcanoes Lesson Plan Resources
- Earthquakes Lesson Plan Resources
- Weathering and Erosion Lesson Plan Resources
- Water Balance Lesson Plan Resources
- Ground Water Lesson Plan Resources
- Coastal Hazards Lesson Plan Resources