About This Chapter
Understanding Memory - Chapter Summary
The short and informative lessons in this chapter help you better understand memory. Our expert psychology instructors walk you through the processes the brain goes through in order to recall and store memories. You'll also study important memory concepts and definitions, such as memory consolidation theory, cognitive disorders, retrieval cues, the misinformation effect and much more.
After studying these lessons, you should be able to:
- Understand memory consolidation theory
- Recognize the roles of neurons in the neural basis of memory and learning
- Identify types of memory and how the brain accesses past information
- Know how different parts of the brain interact to store memories
- Differentiate between implicit and explicit memories
- Name several factors that influence memory
- Outline common types of cognitive disorders, including delirium, amnesia and dementia
- Define several memory concepts, including retrieval cues, elaborative rehearsal, the primacy effect and the misinformation effect
Following each lesson is a short self-assessment quiz that's designed to help you practice answering memory questions and retain the information you've studied. Lesson transcripts can be printed to review after you watch the video lessons, and our instructors are available to answer any questions you may have. The chapter's online format allows you to quickly find the information you need, study whenever you can and access the lessons on any computer or mobile device.
1. Memory Consolidation: Definition & Theory
Every moment of our lives the brain works hard to remember the things we experience. In this article we will learn about memory consolidation. Take a quiz after the lesson to test your own short-term memory.
2. Neural Basis of Memory & Learning
This lesson is a brief overview of the ways that neurons (nerve cells) control what you learn and what you remember. We will briefly discuss how chemicals impact the process, and how your perceptions become something more permanent.
3. The Two-Store Model of Memory: Types of Memory and Storage
Do you remember your first day of school? This lesson discusses the foundational concepts behind all memories, including basic types of memory and the process all memories must go through for success: encoding, storage and retrieval.
4. The Brain's Function in Memory Storage
The human brain has enormous capacity to remember experiences, thoughts, and other information. In this lesson, we'll discuss the interactions between your cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and cerebellum during memory storage and retrieval.
5. Implicit versus Explicit Memory: Definitions & Differences
In this lesson, we will explore what implicit and explicit memories are, as well as each of their sub-components. Furthermore, we will discuss how age influences each of these sub-components.
6. Understanding Memory: Recognition, Recall & Interference
Memory involves fascinating and complicated processes. Learn the basics of two of the major ways we access information from the past, and what challenges we face in retaining everything we learn.
7. Factors Influencing Memory: Definition, Types & Examples
In this lesson, we will explore common, and not so common, factors which influence memory. Influence can be in a detracting way as well as positive. Furthermore, we will look at memory testing and interventions
8. What Are Cognitive Disorders? - Definition and Perspectives
The human ability to think is what sets us apart from the other animals. But what happens when memories or the ability to learn disappears? In this lesson we'll look at three common types of cognitive disorders: dementia, delirium, and amnestic disorders.
9. Retrieval Cues: Definition & Examples
Retrieval cues are stimuli that help you retrieve a certain memory. Learn more about retrieval cues and retrieval failure from examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Elaborative Rehearsal: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of elaborative rehearsal and how it differs from another form of memory rehearsal: maintenance rehearsal. You'll get examples to help you understand this concept and a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.
11. Primacy Effect in Psychology: Definition & Overview
Why do we remember some things better than others? In this lesson, you will learn about the primacy effect and explanations for why it occurs. Then you'll be able to test your knowledge with a short quiz.
12. Misinformation Effect in Psychology: Examples & Overview
Have you ever reminisced about an experience with someone and you both seem to have different recollections of the same event? This is a puzzling phenomenon, and the misinformation effect is one of the components that contribute to the sometimes startling inaccuracy of long-term memory.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the VCE Psychology: Exam Prep & Study Guide course
- The Brain's Role in Mental Processes
- Brain Structure & Function
- Brain Plasticity & Damage
- Understanding The Nervous System
- Nervous System Functioning
- Technology & the Brain
- Psychological Development in Childhood
- Atypical Psychological Development
- Thoughts, Emotions & Behavior
- Sensation & Perception Overview
- Cognition & Intelligence
- Social Cognition Overview
- Social Influences on Behavior
- Understanding Stress
- Models of Learning
- Consciousness & Sleep
- Mental Health Disorders Overview
- Phobias Overview
- Mental Health Maintenance
- Psychological Studies
- Communication Skills for Psychology
- VCE Psychology Flashcards