About This Chapter
Understanding of Stereotypes & Biases - Chapter Summary
In this collection of lessons, our expert instructors walk you through topics relating to biases and stereotypes. You'll review the origins of prejudice, the ABC model of prejudice, attitudes and stereotype threat theories and much more. You can work at your own pace through the chapter and review the lessons as many times as needed. Along with each lesson, we've included a short quiz to help you assess your comprehension. Help from an instructor is available simply by submitting any questions you have through the Dashboard. After you finish these lessons, you should be ready to:
- Discuss the relationship of stereotypes to automatic and controlled information processing
- Outline the ways self-serving attributions maintain prejudice and stereotypes
- Define contact hypothesis and its limitations
- Point out how realistic conflict theory is connected to discrimination
- Identify the theory associated with color blind racism
- Describe white privilege and share associated statistics
- Explain the psychology of religious beliefs
1. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
2. The ABC Model of Attitudes and Prejudice
How are attitudes formed? And what's the relationship between attitudes and behavior? In this lesson, we'll examine the ABC Model of attitudes, how it relates to prejudice and behaviors, and how behaviors are linked to beliefs and feelings.
3. Stereotype Threat: Definition, Examples & Theories
In this lesson, you will learn how anxiety about negative stereotypes concerning race and gender can sometimes prevent testers from scoring their highest. Use the quiz to test your knowledge on the subject matter.
4. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing
People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.
5. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
6. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact
For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.
7. Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples
Why are people prejudiced against others? Under what circumstances are people most prejudiced? In this lesson, we will explore the realistic conflict theory of prejudice, which offers possible answers for why prejudice happens and when prejudice is highest.
8. Color Blind Racism: Definition, Theory & Examples
In this lesson, we'll talk about a theory known as colorblind racism, which resists seeing racism as a continuing problem or one that is deeply rooted in our society. Colorblindness prevents us from seeing how much racial inequality remains.
9. What is White Privilege? - Definition, Examples & Statistics
White privilege is a complicated and often controversial issue that has gained attention in recent years. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define white privilege and gain insight into how it operates in society and negatively affects the lives of racial minorities.
10. Psychology of Religious Beliefs: Exclusion & Examples
If you have ever been curious about why people believe the things they do on a spiritual level, then you are curious about the psychology of religious beliefs. This lesson discusses how that branch of psychology can work.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 303: Psychology of Diversity course
- Social Identity & Categorization Theories
- Understanding Diversity in Psychology
- The Psychological Study of Diversity
- Psychology of Diversity Theories & Research
- Psychological Perspectives of Human Behavior
- Understanding Racism & Discrimination
- Multiculturalism & Cultural Relativism
- Fundamentals of Cultural Research in Psychology
- Bias, Cultural Competence & Awareness
- Psychology Research Methods & Tools
- Required Assignments for Psychology 303