About This Chapter
Understanding Standardized Test Preparation- Chapter Summary
Study the lessons in this chapter for the most recent information on standardized test preparation. Get familiar with formative versus summative evaluations and standardized assessments, advantages and disadvantages of norm-referenced versus criterion-referenced scoring, and more lesson topics, like:
- Basic statistics of score distribution in summarizing assessment results
- Comparison of test scores to a larger population
- Assessment by the use of mean, median, and mode
- Problems and accountability with regard to high-stakes testing
- Assessment cultural bias, testing bias and language differences
The videos are often between five and ten minutes in length, which works well whether your schedule allows for either long or short amounts of time to work on the lessons. We include a feature that allows you to submit any questions you have directly to one of our experts.
1. The Importance of Assessment in Education
Assessment is a critical piece of the learning process. This lesson gives an overview of assessment, why it benefits both teachers and students, and the three most common forms of assessment.
2. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
3. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
4. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
5. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages
Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.
6. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment
How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.
7. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
8. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
9. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
10. The Effects of Standardized Testing on Students
Standardized testing is everywhere in education these days. It's important for teachers to understand how these tests work and particularly the effects of standardized tests on the students taking them!
11. Preparing Students for Standardized Tests
Standardized testing has become a common practice in every classroom. This lesson will provide several tips and strategies to help you prepare your students to take these often stressful tests.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the National Board Certification Exam - English Language Arts/Adolescence & Young Adulthood: Practice & Study Guide course
- Physical and Sexual Development in Adolescence
- Psychosocial Development in Adolescence
- Language Development, History & Usage
- Knowing Your Students
- Teaching Special Populations
- Fairness, Equity & Diversity in the Classroom
- The Classroom Learning Environment
- Instructional Design & Implementation: English Curriculum
- Assessing Reading Resources & Material
- Effective Strategies for Reading Instruction
- Teacher Strategies for Reading Comprehension
- Teaching Literary Genres & Structures
- Literature Analysis & Interpretation
- Analysis of Nonfiction Texts
- Analysis of Media
- Teaching Vocabulary & Word Choice
- Reading & Writing Assessments
- Forms of Writing
- The Writing Process
- Revising Essays for Accuracy & Style
- Parts of Speech in English Grammar
- Essential Sentence Structure
- Writing Mechanics
- Technology Tools for Teachers
- Research Writing
- Speaking & Listening in the Classroom
- Teaching Inquiry & Questioning Skills
- Reflection & Growth as a Teacher
- Family & Community Engagement in Education
- Professional Learning Communities
- Advocacy for Students, Families & Education
- National Board Certification Exam - English Language Arts/Adolescence & Young Adulthood Flashcards