About This Chapter
Understanding the Disease Process - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter as a tool to review the causes of diseases and the manner in which they spread. Our lessons will help you familiarize yourself with types of infections as well as possible ways to prevent illness. After completing this chapter, you should feel comfortable answering questions about:
- Disease prevention
- Possible symbiotic interactions in sickness
- Routes of disease transmission
- Types of diseases
- Nosocomial infections
- The establishment of disease
The information in our lessons is supported by our expect instructors, who are available to answer your questions about the effects of disease on humans. You'll be able to gauge your understanding of this subject with the self-assessing quizzes included with each lesson. The chapter also includes a larger test to make sure you can retain everything you study regarding illness.
1. Disease Control & Prevention
This lesson will discuss the many different ways by which people can control disease. Everything from vaccination to sterilization and beyond will be mentioned so that you can better appreciate the large arsenal of tools at our disposal.
2. Preventing Disease: Normal Human Flora
This lesson will give you a basic understanding of what human flora is. You'll learn about the different locations of flora, such as the gut, and what mutualistic, commensal, and opportunistic microbes are.
3. Symbiotic Interactions in Disease: Definition, Theory & Examples
This lesson will describe something known as symbiosis and symbionts. We will explore the three main types and examples of symbiotic relationships as we define mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism.
4. Progress of Disease: Infection to Recovery
This lesson will teach you about the five basic steps of the development of disease, what they are called, and what occurs during each phase. We'll talk about the incubation and prodromal period as well as the periods of convalescence, decline, and illness.
5. The Different Routes of Infectious Disease Transmission
This lesson will discuss the different ways you can get sick. We'll discuss how pathogenic microbes can be transmitted to you or someone else as we explore horizontal and vertical transmission as well as vectors, vehicles, and fomites.
6. The Spread of Disease: Endemic, Epidemic & Pandemic
This lesson will talk about what an endemic disease is and how it is different from an epidemic. We'll also discuss how an epidemic differs from something known as a pandemic. Finally, we'll look at some examples of each to help solidify these points.
7. What Are the Types of Diseases?
This lesson will focus on the different types of diseases that a person may develop or contract. We'll discuss the differences between acute, chronic, primary, secondary, local, and systemic diseases.
8. Nosocomial Infections: Definition, Causes & Prevention
In this lesson, you will learn about what a nosocomial infection is. We'll discuss, in particular, the many reasons you may get such an infection, which types of pathogens are most likely to cause one, and the most common places in your body you may acquire one.
9. Establishment of Disease: Entry, Dose & Virulence
This lesson will delve into what predisposes an individual to get sick. We'll talk about things like the entry, dose, and virulence of a pathogen and how they play a role in the establishment of a disease.
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Other chapters within the PLACE Health: Practice & Study Guide course
- Human Growth & Development
- Infant Growth & Development
- Childhood Growth & Development
- Adolescence Growth & Development
- Growth & Development in Adulthood
- Human Reproduction, Pregnancy & Birth
- Mendelian Genetics & Mechanisms of Heredity
- Health of the Aging Population
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults
- Pathogens & the Immune System
- Nutritional Health & Diet Planning
- Carbohydrates in Nutrition
- Lipids in Nutrition
- Protein's Role in Nutrition
- Water as a Nutrient
- Minerals in Nutrition
- Symptoms of Mineral Deficiency & Toxicity
- How Vitamins Support Nutrition
- Eating Disorders & Treatments
- Weight Management & Energy Needs
- Understanding Dental Health
- Physical Fitness & Nutrition
- Effects of Sleep on Health
- Health & Wellness Basics
- Emotional and Mental Health
- Making Health Decisions
- Addictive Behaviors and Drug Use
- Alcohol & Tobacco Use and Personal Health
- Drugs & Substance Use Disorders
- Family Systems & Healthy Behavior
- Contraception and Family Planning
- Managing Family & Peer Relationships
- Sexuality & Health
- Media & Advertising of Health Information
- Community & Public Health
- Child Abuse & Abduction
- Sexual Harassment & Violence
- Environmental Risk Analysis
- Environmental Pollution & Health Concerns
- Personal Safety Precautions
- PLACE Health Flashcards