About This Chapter
Understanding the Earth's Oceans - Chapter Summary
This informative chapter contains lessons that outline the Earth's oceans. You'll review ocean water, waves, currents and different ocean formations, plus many additional topics. Once you finish this chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain how the water on Earth is distributed
- Outline the properties of ocean water
- Describe the causes and effects of ocean tides
- Detail the types of waves, their features and their effects on erosion
- Discuss the different types of ocean currents
- Give an example of an estuary and describe its characteristics
- Identify how barrier islands are shaped and where they are located
- Explain the steps and stages in reef, atoll and island formation
We've made studying not only convenient but enjoyable with these expertly designed and mobile-friendly learning materials. Our video lessons are generally less than 10 minutes long and accompanied by short quizzes to help you test your understanding. If you'd like to go back and review just one portion of a video lesson, use the video tabs feature found in the Timeline to do so.
1. The Distribution of Water on Earth
Water covers most of Earth but in a variety of forms. In this video lesson you will learn about how water is distributed on Earth, though you may be surprised to find out just how little of it we can access!
2. Properties of Ocean Water
Ocean waters are salty and contain minerals and dissolved gases. They also have a high heat capacity and vary in density depending on temperature and salinity. Learn more about the unique chemical and physical properties of ocean water.
3. What Are Tides? - Causes & Effects
Tides rise and fall under the influence of the gravitational pull of the moon and sun. Learn about different tides, why they are predictable and their effects on coastal regions of the world.
4. Waves: Types, Features & Effect on Erosion
There are different types of ocean waves, including wind waves, tsunamis and tidal waves. Learn the features of waves and how their erosive effect creates the unique features found on the shoreline.
5. What are Ocean Currents? - Definition & Types
Currents are responsible for circulating water throughout the earth's oceans. This lesson will discuss surface ocean currents, deep water ocean currents, and the forces that drive them.
6. Estuary: Definition, Facts, Characteristics & Examples
Have you ever gone swimming, kayaking, or exploring in a marshy coastal area? If so, you were enjoying the natural beauty of an estuary, a place where rivers meet large bodies of water. These unique ecosystems are important, but also under threat.
7. Barrier Islands: Formation, Shape & Location
In this lesson, we'll define barrier islands and learn how they form. We'll also look at how these types of islands, unlike other islands, can suddenly change shape or shift location over time. Lastly, we'll cover why these land masses are important to coastal areas.
8. Island, Reef & Atoll Formation: Steps & Stages
Special features form in oceans where the water is relatively warm, and volcanic activity was present at some point in time. This lesson will go through the process involved in forming islands, reefs, and atolls.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the GACE Special Education Mathematics & Science (088): Practice & Study Guide course
- Working with Real Numbers
- Fractions, Decimals, Percents & Ratios
- Understanding Number Theory & Estimation
- Overview of Basic Algebra
- Patterns & Sequences in Algebra
- Characteristics & Relationships of Functions
- Solving Basic Geometric Problems
- Points, Lines, Rays & Angles
- Solving Angle Problems with Triangles & Quadrilaterals
- Geometric Relationships in the Coordinate Plane
- Solving Problems Involving Systems of Measurement
- Displaying & Interpreting Data
- Measures of Central Tendency
- Statistical Models & Processes
- Understanding Probability, Combinations & Permutations
- Scientific Inquiry & Design
- Nature of Scientific Knowledge
- Major Developments & Historical Figures in Science
- Collecting & Evaluating Scientific Data
- Science Laboratory & Field Equipment Safety
- Environmental Effects of Science & Technology
- Energy Production & Natural Resource Management
- Science & Technology in Consumer Products
- Atoms, Energy & Matter
- Concepts & Relationships Between Energy & Matter
- Basics of the Periodic Table
- Chemical Compounds & Reactions
- Acid-Base Chemistry
- Solutions & Solubility
- Concepts of Mechanics Overview
- Electricity & Magnetism Overview
- Waves & Optics Overview
- Structure & Function of Cells & Organelles
- Basic Biochemistry of Life
- Basic Genetics
- Evolution, Natural Selection & Biological Diversity
- Hierarchical Classification of Living Things
- Understanding Plant Structures & Function
- Animal & Human Anatomy & Physiology
- Population Dynamics & Ecology
- Rocks, Minerals & Soil Overview
- Earth's Structure, Shape & Processes
- Historical Geology
- Freshwater Characteristics & Processes
- Atmosphere & Weather
- Climate, Seasons & Geography
- Exploring Features of the Solar System
- Earth-Moon-Sun System
- GACE Special Education Mathematics & Science Flashcards