About This Chapter
Understanding the Types of Jurisdiction - Chapter Summary
If you need to review the different types of jurisdiction, this chapter is for you. Inside the chapter, you'll find bite-sized lessons that compare important jurisdiction types, including original, appellate, general, specific, supplemental, extraterritorial and federal question jurisdiction. When you're finished with each lesson, try the accompanying self-assessment quiz to make sure you fully understand the material. The chapter is available to study at any time, and if you have any questions, our instructors will be happy to help you out. When you're finished with the chapter, you'll be able to:
- Evaluate federal, state and concurrent subject matter jurisdiction
- Compare original and appellate jurisdiction
- Differentiate between general and specific jurisdiction
- Assess court functions pertaining to appellate and original jurisdiction
- Discuss examples of original jurisdiction, federal question jurisdiction and supplemental jurisdiction
- Explain how extraterritorial jurisdiction applies to international law
- Identify types of jurisdiction over property
- Describe the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
1. What is Original Jurisdiction? - Definition & Examples
Original jurisdiction determines which court will hear a case first. In this article, we'll go over the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, federal courts, and state and local courts.
2. Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Federal, State and Concurrent
One of the ways a court determines whether a case will be heard is based on subject matter jurisdiction. We will explore several factors that determine subject matter jurisdiction in state and federal courts, including concurrent subject matter jurisdiction.
3. Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction: Definition & Differences
Federal courts can have either original jurisdiction or appellate jurisdiction. Some courts have both types of jurisdiction. This lesson explains the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in the federal court system.
4. General vs. Specific Jurisdiction
In this lesson, you will learn the differences between courts of general and specific jurisdiction, and each will be broken down individually. Upon completion of this lesson, you should have a better understanding of both types of jurisdiction.
5. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.
6. Federal Question Jurisdiction: Definition & Examples
Federal question jurisdiction is the authority of a federal trial court to hear cases involving two parties who have a controversy involving federal law or the U.S. Constitution. In this lesson we will explain what that means and provide everyday examples.
7. Supplemental Jurisdiction: Statute & Examples
Federal courts' jurisdiction over disputes that arise between state citizens is limited by the U.S. Constitution and federal statutes. Supplemental jurisdiction expands those limits, and in this lesson, we will explore just how that works.
8. Extraterritorial Jurisdiction: Definition & International Law
The legal and territorial boundaries of a nation usually are fairly well defined; however, extraterritorial jurisdiction allows those boundaries to extend in certain circumstances. In this lesson, we'll look at the definition of extraterritorial jurisdiction and how it applies to international law.
9. Jurisdiction over Property: Definition & Types
In rem and quasi in rem jurisdiction give a court power over property. The court's power over the property can be used as leverage or as a means of satisfying a civil action against a defendant. The conditions that are required determine the court's ability to exercise both types of jurisdiction of property.
10. What is the Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
The U.S. Supreme Court exercises a right to preside over specific cases and is considered the court of original jurisdiction based on subject-matter jurisdiction. It is considered an appellate court for cases involving constitutional law under certain circumstances.
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