About This Chapter
U.S. Culture & Politics After WWII - Chapter Summary
The culture and politics of the United States changed drastically following the Second World War. In this chapter, you'll review a series of short and entertaining history lessons that explain these changes. You'll review significant post-WWII conflicts, presidencies and movements, as well as the societal developments that transformed the country. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Recognize the causes of the Cold War and the effects of the Nuclear Arms Race
- Assess the impact of the Korean War and the Vietnam War
- Interpret facts about the Cuban Missile Crisis
- Describe the nature of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society Program
- Discuss the significance of the Civil Rights Movement, the Women's Movement and other important activist movements of the 60s and 70s
- Trace the reemergence of economic and political conservatism from the election of Ronald Reagan
- Analyze the social, political, artistic, cultural, religious, philosophical, scientific and technological developments that occurred since 1945
There's a lot of information covered in this chapter, which is why we've included short self-assessment quizzes to help you reinforce your historical knowledge. You can compete the chapter at your own pace and watch the lessons on any computer or mobile device. Print the lesson transcripts if you want to study offline, and don't hesitate to submit questions to our subject-matter experts if you need any extra help with the material.
1. The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events
The period of distrust between the Soviet Union and United States was known as the Cold War. Learn about the origins of the era, essential events and the shaping of the national security state.
2. The Effects of the Nuclear Arms Race on Cold War Politics
In this lesson, we will examine the nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union that took place throughout the post-war era. We will learn why this arms race took place, and we will highlight key developments associated with it.
3. United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects
The Korean War was a short but bloody war with more than five million casualties. Find out what caused this deadly and destructive war, how the United States came to be involved and how the war affected Korea and its allies.
4. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Definition, Facts & Timeline
Today, it's hard to remember that the U.S. and the Soviet Union had thousands of nuclear warheads pointed at each other, ready to fly at a moment's notice. But for a period of time, there was a possibility that between the two nations, all life on Earth could be extinguished. And that possibility was never more real, or closer, than it was in October 1962, during the Cuban missile crisis.
5. The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects
The Vietnam War was the longest and most polarizing conflict in the history of the United States. Learn about the causes of the war as well as its effects on the United States.
6. President Lyndon B. Johnson and the Great Society Program
The Great Society was an ambitious legislative program which attempted to eliminate poverty and racial inequity within the United States. Learn about the creation of the program, its endeavors and its ultimate legacy.
7. The Civil Rights Movement During the 1950s
The 1950s witnessed a rejuvenation of the civil rights movement. Learn about the transformation of the movement, its important events and the impact it had on the 1960s.
8. The Civil Rights Movement During the 1960s
The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s was an extension of the progress made during the 1950s. Learn about the movement's landmark achievements, its fracturing and its legacies.
9. The Women's Movement: Causes, Campaigns & Impacts on the US
The women's movement of the 1960s ushered in a new wave of feminism that sought to address the national issues of gender. Learn about the movement, its leaders and the ultimate outcome for women in the United States.
10. Other Important Activist Movements of the Late 60s and Early 70s
The 1960s represented a decade of dissent in America. While there were large social campaigns throughout the nation, the goal of this lesson is to recognize smaller activist movements involving Native Americans, Mexican Americans, and the environment.
11. The Election of Ronald Reagan in 1980: A Reemergence of Economic & Political Conservatism
The presidential election of 1980 witnessed the transition from liberal to conservative politics in America. Learn about Ronald Reagan's campaign to become President of the United States in 1980 in this video lesson.
12. Social & Political Developments Since 1945
In this lesson, we examine several social and political developments in the United States and in Western Europe since 1945, from the civil rights movement to the creation of the European Union.
13. Art & Culture Since 1945: Types & Artists
In this lesson, we explore the art and culture of post-World War II Western society, from the fledgling television programming to the disparate directions of 20th-century art.
14. Religion & Philosophy Since 1945
In this lesson, we explore some of the major developments in the world of ideas since the end of World War II, from the increased public engagement of professional philosophy and Catholicism to the growth of Islam.
15. The Advance of Science & Technology Since 1945: Developments & Impact
In this lesson, we explore just a few of the numerous advances and innovations made in the worlds of sciences and technology, from automobiles and televisions to computers and phones that can fit in the palm of your hand.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086): Study Guide & Practice course
- Early American Civilizations & Colonization
- The American Revolution Basics
- Development of the Early United States
- American Civil War
- Industrialization & The Progressive Era
- Overview of America in World War I
- America in the 1920s & the Great Depression
- Overview of America in World War II
- Overview of Major Ancient Civilizations
- The Middle Ages, Renaissance & Reformation
- Revolutions & Imperialism
- First & Second World Wars
- Western Civilization after WWII
- Political Ideologies & Forms of Government
- American Democracy & Citizenship
- Overview of Federalism in the United States
- Election Process
- Overview of Theories of International Relations
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- Basic Geographic Tools & Concepts
- Spatial Processes in Geography
- Human Geography Overview
- Human Influences on the Environment
- Microeconomics Overview
- Macroeconomics Overview
- Economic and Fiscal Policy Overview
- Overview of Psychology
- Culture & Cultural Change
- Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086) Flashcards