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Ch 47: US Legal System & Landmark Supreme Court Cases

About This Chapter

Research how landmark Supreme Court cases influence the development and interpretation of laws within the American legal system in this detailed yet engaging study guide chapter. You'll get a summary of notable Supreme Court cases that have had a profound effect on U.S. laws.

US Legal System & Landmark Supreme Court Cases - Chapter Summary

In this useful study guide chapter, expert instructors will efficiently summarize and analyze landmark Supreme Court cases to illustrate the impact the results of these cases can have on law interpretation. You'll also learn more about the court system, its functions and where laws are derived from. At the conclusion of this chapter, you'll be able to recognize the significance of Supreme Court cases, including:

  • Marbury v. Madison
  • McCulloch v. Maryland
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
  • Miranda v. Arizona
  • Lau v. Nichols

After reviewing the details and implications of these major cases, check for understanding and retention by utilizing the brief quizzes at the end of each lesson. The more comprehensive chapter exam can be taken when you reach the end of the chapter, and it will cover multiple concepts featured throughout. Additionally, you can print matching quiz worksheets and transcripts for all video lessons to use as either study resources or reference material while viewing the lessons.

8 Lessons in Chapter 47: US Legal System & Landmark Supreme Court Cases
Sources of Law in the American Legal System

1. Sources of Law in the American Legal System

The rules that govern society come from a number of places. This lesson will cover the sources of law in the American legal system. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

2. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.

Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

3. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.

Marbury v. Madison: Definition, Summary & Significance

4. Marbury v. Madison: Definition, Summary & Significance

In this lesson, you'll learn about the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court case of ''Marbury v. Madison'', and how the case established the notion of judicial review.

The Case of McCulloch v. Maryland: Summary, Decision & Significance

5. The Case of McCulloch v. Maryland: Summary, Decision & Significance

One of the landmark cases of the early Supreme Court, McCulloch v. Maryland determined if the United States government had the right to establish a bank in Maryland and if the state had the right to tax the government for doing so. We'll discuss the case's decision and significance.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas: Definition, Decision & Significance

6. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas: Definition, Decision & Significance

In this lesson, we will learn about the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. We will take an in-depth look at the facts surrounding Brown and the aftermath of the decision.

Miranda v. Arizona: Summary, Facts & Significance

7. Miranda v. Arizona: Summary, Facts & Significance

In the famous case Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that suspects can only be interrogated after the police read them their legal rights. Read on to learn more about the details and legal legacy of Miranda v. Arizona.

Lau v. Nichols in 1974: Summary & Significance

8. Lau v. Nichols in 1974: Summary & Significance

The case of Lau v. Nichols in 1974 had a very important impact on education for students who do not speak English as their primary language. This lesson will summarize the case and explain its importance to modern American education.

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