About This Chapter
US Legal System & Landmark Supreme Court Cases - Chapter Summary
In this useful study guide chapter, expert instructors will efficiently summarize and analyze landmark Supreme Court cases to illustrate the impact the results of these cases can have on law interpretation. You'll also learn more about the court system, its functions and where laws are derived from. At the conclusion of this chapter, you'll be able to recognize the significance of Supreme Court cases, including:
- Marbury v. Madison
- McCulloch v. Maryland
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
- Miranda v. Arizona
- Lau v. Nichols
After reviewing the details and implications of these major cases, check for understanding and retention by utilizing the brief quizzes at the end of each lesson. The more comprehensive chapter exam can be taken when you reach the end of the chapter, and it will cover multiple concepts featured throughout. Additionally, you can print matching quiz worksheets and transcripts for all video lessons to use as either study resources or reference material while viewing the lessons.
1. Sources of Law in the American Legal System
The rules that govern society come from a number of places. This lesson will cover the sources of law in the American legal system. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
2. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court
There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.
3. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.
4. Marbury v. Madison: Definition, Summary & Significance
In this lesson, you'll learn about the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court case of ''Marbury v. Madison'', and how the case established the notion of judicial review.
5. The Case of McCulloch v. Maryland: Summary, Decision & Significance
One of the landmark cases of the early Supreme Court, McCulloch v. Maryland determined if the United States government had the right to establish a bank in Maryland and if the state had the right to tax the government for doing so. We'll discuss the case's decision and significance.
6. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas: Definition, Decision & Significance
In this lesson, we will learn about the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. We will take an in-depth look at the facts surrounding Brown and the aftermath of the decision.
7. Miranda v. Arizona: Summary, Facts & Significance
In the famous case Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that suspects can only be interrogated after the police read them their legal rights. Read on to learn more about the details and legal legacy of Miranda v. Arizona.
8. Lau v. Nichols in 1974: Summary & Significance
The case of Lau v. Nichols in 1974 had a very important impact on education for students who do not speak English as their primary language. This lesson will summarize the case and explain its importance to modern American education.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Social Studies (Elementary): Practice & Study Guide course
- Social Science Basics
- Social Science Inquiry & Research
- Historical Text & Information Analysis
- Early Civilizations & Cultures
- Contributions & History of Ancient Greece
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- Development of Religions
- Islamic Culture
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- Ancient China
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- Renaissance & Reformation
- European Expansion (1450-1750)
- Scientific & Political Revolutions Since 1700
- European Imperialism
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- Early Evolution of American Government
- 19th Century American Expansion & Reform
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century
- American Imperialism
- A World at War - WWI
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- Significant Events of World War II
- Post-WWII World Cultures & Politics (1946-1959)
- Developments & Movements Since 1945
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Michigan History
- Basic Geography Concepts
- Effects of Humans on the Environment
- Human Systems & Culture
- Geography of the Eastern Hemisphere
- Geography of the Western Hemisphere
- Impact of Politics on Geography
- Inter-Continental Organizations
- International Treaties, Agreements & Organizations
- Government & Political Systems
- Important Speeches & Documents in US History
- US Government, Political Process & Citizenship
- History of Political Parties in the U.S.
- US Policy Making
- Business and the Economy
- Basics of International Economics
- Analyzing Democratic Values