Ch 19: US Political Parties & Elections - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

Consult this chapter to review the specifics of the political party system and election process in the United States to help you prepare for the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam.

US Political Parties & Elections: MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

In this chapter you will learn details of the various political parties in the United States and the procedures for elections. As you study for the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam, these lessons will help by explaining the following:

  • Identification and function of political parties
  • Roles of electoral and party systems
  • Modern political parties in America, including national and third parties
  • Presidential candidate nominations
  • Differences between primary and general elections and explanation of the Electoral College
  • Redistricting and reapportionment for congressional constituencies
  • Process of congressional party nominations and national factors of congressional elections
  • Differences between presidential and congressional campaigns
  • Factors in election results and regulations of campaign finances

In these brief video lessons, you will be presented pertinent information identified by an expert instructor. The accompanying full transcripts highlight key vocabulary that will aid you in your studies for the exam, and you may practice testing your knowledge by using the short self-assessment quizzes at the end of each lesson.

US Political Parties & Elections: MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy Chapter Objectives

As a critical part of attaining your license to teach political science and political philosophy courses in Massachusetts, the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam is meant to assess your knowledge of these subjects.

Twenty percent of the exam consists of multiple-choice questions about U.S. government and civics, including the election process and development of various political parties. The content of this chapter is meant to develop your understanding of these topics specifically, and should equip you with the knowledge necessary to successfully answer any pertinent questions. Additionally, by taking the multiple-choice assessments, you will gain experience answering questions in the same format as the exam itself.

14 Lessons in Chapter 19: US Political Parties & Elections - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Political Party: Definition, Function, Organization & Mobilization

1. Political Party: Definition, Function, Organization & Mobilization

The following lesson will introduce you to the concept of political parties in the United States government. A short quiz will follow to check your understanding.

The National Parties: Organization & Structure

2. The National Parties: Organization & Structure

The following lesson will cover the structure and organization of the Democratic and Republican parties at the national level. A short quiz will follow to check your understanding.

Minor (Third) Parties: Definition, Role & Examples

3. Minor (Third) Parties: Definition, Role & Examples

The following lesson will introduce the concept of third parties, as well as explain their role in the national political party system. A short quiz will follow to check your understanding.

Electoral and Party Systems: Definition & Role

4. Electoral and Party Systems: Definition & Role

The following lesson will define and explain the role of the United States' electoral system and how it affects the shape of our party system. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.

The Current State of Contemporary United States Political Parties

5. The Current State of Contemporary United States Political Parties

The following lesson will cover the current state of the two major political parties in the United States and the mechanisms that cause political change. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

Nominating a Presidential Candidate: The Process & Its Strengths & Weaknesses

6. Nominating a Presidential Candidate: The Process & Its Strengths & Weaknesses

The nomination process for United States president contains several different steps. This lesson outlines the modern nomination process for the offices of president and vice president and evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the process.

Primary Election Versus General Election: Definition & Differences

7. Primary Election Versus General Election: Definition & Differences

In the United States, we use two different types of presidential elections. Both primary and general elections are used to determine a winning candidate. This lesson explains primary and general elections, including the differences between the two.

The Electoral College: Definition & Process

8. The Electoral College: Definition & Process

In the U.S., our presidential elections are decided using the Electoral College. The system is meant to balance election power between the federal and state governments. This lesson explains what the Electoral College is and how it works.

Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process

9. Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process

In this lesson, we will review the constitutional requirements for determining congressional districts. We will take a closer look at the process and effects of reapportionment and redistricting.

Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate

10. Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate

In this lesson, we will review the process to become a candidate for Congress. We will take a closer look at what the requirements are and what process is to be taken leading up to the election.

National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections

11. National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections

In this lesson, we will learn about the biggest national forces that influence congressional elections, taking a look at how they affect the election results and how the public is influenced by them.

Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences

12. Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences

In this lesson, we will review the difference between presidential and congressional campaigns. We will take a closer look at their differences and how they affect the campaign.

What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election?

13. What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election?

In this lesson, we will learn about several important factors that influence the outcome of an election. We will look in-depth at these factors and why they are important in the outcome of an election.

Campaign Finance: Sources, Regulations & Reform

14. Campaign Finance: Sources, Regulations & Reform

Modern presidential campaigns often last up to two years and involve extensive media operations. This means a successful campaign will be expensive. This lesson discusses campaign finance, including sources, regulations, and reform efforts.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy (48): Practice & Study Guide course

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