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Ch 7: US Politics (1789-1877) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

Use these lessons to study American history during the years spanning 1789-1877. The material covered in this chapter will prepare you for related questions on the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy exam.

US Politics (1789-1877) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

Having a comprehensive understanding of U.S. history is essential for teaching political science courses. The lessons in this chapter will help you refresh your knowledge of historical events in the U.S. during the years 1789-1877. You will explore:

  • Federalists v. Republicans
  • Democracy under Jefferson
  • 19th century reform movements
  • Commercial revolution in the north
  • Slavery and the abolitionist movement
  • The Manifest Destiny
  • Lincoln's election and the Confederacy
  • The Emancipation Proclamation
  • The legacy of Abraham Lincoln
  • Homestead Act and women's suffrage
  • Transcontinental Railroad
  • The Reconstruction Period

The lessons in this chapter have been designed by professional educators to help you easily absorb and retain the information. There are short videos to help illustrate the material and video transcripts are included as a resource for taking notes. Take the self-assessment quiz at the end of each lesson to see if you need to review any of the material. If you'd like to return to a particular portion of the lesson, use the timeline feature below the video.

11 Lessons in Chapter 7: US Politics (1789-1877) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Hamilton and the Federalists vs. Jefferson and the Republicans

1. Hamilton and the Federalists vs. Jefferson and the Republicans

Although President Washington warned against the nation falling into political factions, the different views of the Constitution held by Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists and Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans set the path for the two-party system that the U.S. has today.

President Jefferson's Election and Jeffersonian Democracy

2. President Jefferson's Election and Jeffersonian Democracy

The presidential election of 1800 was a rematch between President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson. An electoral tie between Jefferson and his running mate forced the House of Representatives to decide. The election inaugurated 24 years of political dominance for the Democratic-Republican Party.

Reform Movements of the 19th Century

3. Reform Movements of the 19th Century

Inspired by the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism, Americans started a number of social reform movements in the antebellum era, including the fight against alcohol and slavery, as well as the fight for public schools, humane prisons and asylums, and women's rights.

Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

4. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.

Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response

5. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response

The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.

Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery

6. Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery

The abolitionist movement spanned decades. Although slavery did not end peacefully, great Americans like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were some of the driving forces behind the anti-slavery movement.

Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy

7. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy

Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.

The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

8. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.

President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

9. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.

Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage

10. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage

In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.

Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

11. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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