Ch 8: US Politics (1878-1945) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

From the Gilded Age to the Roaring Twenties and beyond, these video lessons paint a dramatic picture of the United States as the nation grew into a world power. Use them as you prepare for the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam.

US Politics (1878-1945) - MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

Political machines, corruption, social upheaval and the development of industry and technology all come together in this period of American history. Experience the political and economic events of the day as you review the material listed below as part of your preparations for related questions on the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam:

  • Politics and economics in the late 19th century
  • Organized labor, industrialization, urbanization and immigration
  • Definition and goals of the Grange and Populist parties
  • Impact of the 1912 presidential election
  • African American leaders, racism and the Ku Klux Klan
  • Politics in the '20s: Red Scare and Teapot Dome
  • FDR's First and Second New Deals

These engaging, well-presented and well-written lessons make reviewing enjoyable and easy. Short enough to condense the material into manageable bites, they combine to form a comprehensive and informative refresher course. Fully written transcripts with highlighted key vocabulary accompany the videos, and the timeline feature gives you instant access to any part of a video that you want to replay.

US Politics (1878-1945) - MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy - Chapter Objectives

As part of the teacher certification and endorsement process, the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam evaluates subject-area knowledge as a requisite for a teacher endorsement in political science. Of the six subareas that comprise it, the lessons in this chapter address the objectives in Subarea II: U.S. Government and Civics, which is composed of between 24 and 26 questions. Subarea II is weighted as 20% of the test.

The MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy is a computer-based test. There will be 100 multiple-choice questions for which you must select answers and two open-ended response assignments that you will be expected to complete. Your written compositions will be prompted by the question or topic specified in the exam, and may relate to any of the subareas. The length requirement for the open-response assignments is from 150 to 300 words.

13 Lessons in Chapter 8: US Politics (1878-1945) - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution

1. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution

With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'

Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform

2. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform

Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.

Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

3. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.

The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions

4. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions

During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.

Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

5. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.

Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

6. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.

Presidential Election of 1912: Candidates, Platforms & Significance

7. Presidential Election of 1912: Candidates, Platforms & Significance

The presidential election of 1912 was a four-way race that brought out third party candidates and a former president. Learn about the candidates, their platforms and Woodrow Wilson's major accomplishments.

African Americans in the Progressive Era: Issues & Leaders

8. African Americans in the Progressive Era: Issues & Leaders

During the Progressive Era, from approximately 1900 to 1918, progress for many African Americans was hard to come by. Explore some of the inequalities African Americans faced and learn about notable African-American leaders of the era including Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois.

American Politics in the 1920s: Transition, Corruption & the Teapot Dome Scandal

9. American Politics in the 1920s: Transition, Corruption & the Teapot Dome Scandal

Americans looked forward to the start of a new decade in 1920. They also looked for a president that would ease their fears and return the nation to 'normal,' but big business and corruption would come to symbolize politics of the decade.

The Ku Klux Klan, Eugenics and Nativism: Definition, Movement & Social Reactions

10. The Ku Klux Klan, Eugenics and Nativism: Definition, Movement & Social Reactions

The decade of the 1920s saw older, traditional values of American society challenged by the rapidly changing Modern Age. Elements of the nation reacted to such change with fear. Develop an understanding of the reborn Ku Klux Klan, the eugenics movement and nativist sentiments of the 1920s.

The Red Scare of the 1920s: Definition, Summary & Causes

11. The Red Scare of the 1920s: Definition, Summary & Causes

The Red Scare of the early 1920s would not be the last. During this time, post-WWI America felt vulnerable and turned its fear on a perceived leftist or 'Red' threat. This lesson will help you to develop an understanding of the Red Scare of the 1920s.

Franklin D. Roosevelt and the First New Deal: The First 100 Days

12. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the First New Deal: The First 100 Days

President Franklin Roosevelt's first New Deal program represented an aggressive legislative campaign to relieve American suffering and end the Great Depression. Learn more about the first 100 days of the New Deal.

Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Second New Deal

13. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Second New Deal

President Franklin Roosevelt's second New Deal represented a more conservative approach to battling the Great Depression. Learn more about the program, including its legislation and legacy.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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