About This Chapter
U.S. Public Policy & Social Programs - Chapter Summary
Nearly all Americans benefit from at least some of the social programs and public policies passed and administered by the federal government. Medicare provide health benefits, unemployment insurance bridges the gap while struggling citizens get back on their feet, and Earned Income Credit provides financial relief for needy families. Numerous environmental acts support clean air and water and protect endangered species.
The lessons in this chapter outline the federal government's role in drafting public policies and initiating social programs and reforms. They also examine the history of interest groups and their role and influence on American politics. When you have completed this chapter, you will have studied the following governmental topics:
- Public policy
- Party views on education
- Social insurance and public assistance programs
- Environmental protection
- Interest groups: what they are, how they developed, and their influence on American politics
Short video lessons and easy-to-navigate timeline controls make it simple to learn and review American public policy and social programs. Key terms in the transcript are listed in bold for quick look-up and review. Short quizzes throughout the chapter provide immediate confirmation that you are mastering the concepts. And if you have any questions, just ask one of our U.S. government experts for help.
1. The Public Policy Process: Problem Recognition, Policy Formation & Policy Implementation
Good public policy is grounded in a sound policy making process. In this lesson, you'll learn about the rational-comprehensive model of policy formation and the steps involved in using it. A short quiz follows the lesson.
2. Types of Public Policy in the United States
'What should the government do about it?' This is a fundamental public policy question, and the scope of 'it' continues to expand in our modern society. In this lesson, you'll learn about different types of public policy in the United States.
3. Republican & Democratic Beliefs on Education in the United States: Similarities & Differences
Democrats and Republicans agree that the future success of the United States lies in an effective education system. However, while they agree on the overall goal, the two parties disagree about the best policies to accomplish it. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the education policy perspectives of each party.
4. Social Insurance Programs: Definition, Types & Examples
Social insurance programs constitute the largest expenditure in the federal budget. In this lesson, you'll learn about social insurance, and we'll also take a look at the major federal social insurance programs. A short quiz follows the lesson.
5. Public Assistance Programs: Origins, Development, Types & Examples
Poverty is still a serious problem in the United States and would be even more so but for various federal and state public assistance programs. In this lesson, you'll learn about what a public assistance program is and types of programs.
6. How the U.S. Government Protects the Environment
One of the most controversial areas of government policy today is environmental policy. In this lesson, you'll learn how U.S. government environmental policy is made and you'll be provided an overview of some major legislative acts.
7. What Are Interest Groups in the United States? - History & Types
The following lesson will discuss the history and types of interest groups that exist in the American political system. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
8. Development & Maintenance of Interest Groups
The following lesson will discuss how interest groups are developed and maintained. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
9. Strategies & Influence of Interest Groups on American Politics
The following lesson will describe the strategies used by interest groups to influence American politics. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
10. Pluralist View of Interest Groups on American Politics
The following lesson covers the political theories that attempt to assess the perceived benefits of interest groups in American politics. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
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Other chapters within the US History 2 Study Guide course
- Industrialization & Urbanization in America
- The Progressive Era
- American Imperialism
- The Roaring 20s
- The Great Depression
- America & World War II
- America in the Cold War
- US Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- 1970s America
- The Presidents of Contemporary America
- Explaining American Traditions
- 21st Century America (1992-2013)
- Elements of American Government
- The Economics of Public Policies
- Fiscal & Economic Policy of American Government
- Employment and Unemployment Issues
- Modern Economic Systems Overview
- Types and Effects of Inflation
- Global Trade, Global Markets & Macroeconomics
- Principles and Basis of Business Decisions
- International Trade Treaties & Regulations
- Fundamentals of Geography
- Geography and Farming
- Geography & the Global Economy
- Political Geography Overview
- Settlement Patterns Overview
- World Population
- Human and Cultural Migration