About This Chapter
Standard: Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.2)
About This Chapter
After students get a better handle on how to use multiple sources of information, they'll understand techniques for incorporating those sources as they prepare factual presentations. Your students will also discover how to evaluate sources, and students will learn when to use different types of sources. The lessons in this chapter will enhance your students' level of comprehension and improve their ability to perform the following:
- Point out valuable sources that are credible and reliable
- Transform source data into audience-focused visual aids
- Describe public speaker strategies for using visual aids
- Design presentations that present visual data in balance with audio information
- Explain different techniques for showing source information
You will distinguish the moment that your students have fulfilled the standard, because instead of them throwing in random facts and graphs into their presentations, their use of source information will support their arguments in a visually appealing manner. Using the chapter materials to help students meet this standard may prove beneficial down the road, as students who are planning to go to college will have to write research papers that require them to utilize and cite multiple sources. Likewise, as students move into the professional world, their employers may expect them to find accurate and respectable source information to make presentations and draft profit projections.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
To satisfy Common Core standards, try out some of these activities in your classroom to reinforce the lessons from this chapter about using multiple sources.
Be the Critic
Show your students the lessons about the different types of visual aids and how to make balanced presentations. Next, explain that they get to play the role of critic. You will give them a critic's evaluation key that has a list of the different criteria used for judging balanced presentations, (e.g., use of white space, understandable graphics, text and graphic balance, etc.). They will then watch 2 to 3 short presentations and critique each one. Besides filling out numbers on the evaluation key, they will also have to write up a paragraph about how the presentations could have been improved, or what things the presenters did well. You can choose to have live presentations given by outside teachers or volunteers, or you can find presentations online.
Public Speaker Matchup
Have your class review the information from the lessons that discuss the types of visual aids and the level of effectiveness of visual aids with different audiences. Prepare a handout with 3-5 examples. Each example provides information about the speaker, the intended audience, the presentation subject, the purpose, and the visual aids used. Your students' assignment will be to determine whether the speaker in each example has correctly matched his/her purpose and visual aids to the audience. Your students must write a brief paragraph for each example that describes whether the speaker matched everything up correctly or what the speaker should change.
After students view the lesson about evaluating the quality of source materials, have them separate into teams to run a reliability relay race. So students can run from the start point to the chalk/dry erase board, clear space in your room. Prepare several envelopes ahead of time with a couple excerpts from different sources. During each round the teams have to open the new envelopes, read through the excerpts, and determine which source is the most reliable. They will then send a runner to the board to write down their answer. If they get it correct, they get the envelope for the next round. If not, they have to go back and find the right answer from the remaining options. Teams can proceed to the next round as soon as they get the next envelope. You can choose to have the same information in all envelopes, or mix it up so teams can't copy one another.
1. Evaluating Sources for Reliability, Credibility, and Worth
It's important to have information that is reliable, credible, and worthwhile in your speech. Sometimes, it's hard to determine these factors. This lesson will help you!
2. Visual Aids in Public Speaking: Importance, Purpose, and Audience Considerations
Giving a speech can be nerve-wracking, and it might seem easy to just skip the visual aids. In this lesson, we'll discuss why that's a bad idea, why visual aids are important, and what elements make a great visual aid.
3. Types of Visual Aids Used in Public Speaking
Many people understand that visual aids can be helpful in public speaking. But what types of visual aids should a person choose? Watch this lesson for information on the types of visual aids and how to choose the best one.
4. Visual Design of Your Message: Consistency, Balance, Restraint & Detail
The visual design of your message is critical to the successful delivery of your ideas. Consistency, balance, restraint and detail are the four key areas that need to be addressed to allow a professional impression of your work.
5. Ways to Show Information: Visual, Oral & Quantitative
There are many different ways to present information, and all have their own advantages. In this lesson, we'll learn about the three major ways to show information - visual, oral, and quantitative presentations - and the benefits of each.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 9-10: Standards course