About This Chapter
Using Different Types of Student Assessments - Chapter Summary
Studying how to use different types of student assessments is fun and simple using this entertaining chapter. Engaging lessons can help you get up to speed with assessment types that include formative, summative, performance, alternative, informal and paper-pencil. Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to do the following
- List and discuss qualities of good assessments
- Explain cultural bias, testing bias and language differences in assessments
- Discuss clarity of language and appropriateness of level in educational testing
- Describe content, construct and predictive validity in assessments
- Detail how to communicate assessment expectations to students
- Identify and discuss benefits of using assessment data to drive instruction
- Outline the process of sharing assessment data with students and stakeholders
- Explain the legal and ethical principles of sharing assessment results
The lessons in this chapter are paired with multiple-choice quizzes you can take any time to check your comprehension of key concepts. We also offer a broader practice exam designed to test your knowledge of the entire chapter. If questions arise about specific lesson concepts, don't hesitate to submit them to our experts. Enjoy 24/7 access to these study tools via your preferred computer, smartphone or tablet.
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. What is Formative Assessment? - Strategies & Examples
Formative assessment can help teachers plan the most effective instruction. In this lesson, you'll learn what formative assessments are, why they are important, and multiple strategies that you can implement in the classroom.
3. Summative Assessments: Examples & Types
Think of state exams, midterms, finals, graded papers, and standardized tests such as the SAT. They all have one thing in common - they are summative assessments! Find out more in this lesson.
4. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
5. Alternative Assessment: Definition & Examples
Are you looking for a better understanding of what alternative assessment is and how to implement it? This lesson defines the term and provides tangible examples of how to use this powerful methodology in the classroom.
6. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
7. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
8. Educational Testing: Clarity of Language & Appropriateness of Level
Clarity of language and appropriate reading and content level of educational assessments are critical for valid testing. This lesson will focus on how these areas factor into assessment evaluation, selection, design, and administration.
9. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
10. Communicating Assessment Expectations to Students
Student assessment preparation should include an explanation of the expected responses, how the scoring will be done, and information on the types of questions that will be asked. Students are better able to prepare when they know what to expect.
11. Benefits of Using Assessment Data to Drive Instruction
Assessments are powerful tools that can give you precise data about student learning. Using that data to drive instruction is incredibly important for effective teaching. This lesson will detail some benefits of using data to drive instruction.
12. Sharing Assessment Data with Students & Stakeholders
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the misunderstandings stakeholders have about testing and score reports to identify ways that teachers can prepare to communicate outcomes of student assessments with students, parents, and colleagues.
13. Ethical & Legal Principles of Sharing Assessment Results
Have you ever wondered about the legal and ethical principles that protect the assessment results of your students? This lesson explores both types of principles so that you'll know the framework for what you are allowed to share with parents or legal guardians and school staff.
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