About This Chapter
Variables Affecting Learning & Teaching - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this study guide chapter are designed by expert instructors with the goal of providing you with the most relevant information in a clear, easy-to-understand format. As you explore the topics in each section, you'll review some of the most common variables that affect teaching and learning, including cultural and socioeconomic influences on education and the importance of determining prior knowledge before beginning instruction. Other key topics discussed in this chapter include:
- Learning styles
- Physical, cognitive and behavioral differences among genders
- Developing motivation, self-esteem and maturity
- Characteristics of gifted learners
- Using scaffolding instruction with English-language-learners
- Applying cognitive development psychology principles
- Examples and definition of cognitive academic language proficiency
Carefully study the concepts featured in each lesson, working at your own pace to ensure full comprehension. As you complete each section, self-assess your understanding of those concepts by taking the brief multiple-choice lesson quiz. Once you've completed all lessons, you can gauge your retention of multiple concepts covered throughout the chapter by utilizing the more comprehensive chapter exam.
1. Characteristics of Learning Styles
Some of us learn by seeing, others learn by doing, and some even learn by listening. This lesson provides an overview of learning styles, including characteristics of each type of learner.
2. Gender Differences in the Classroom: Physical, Cognitive & Behavioral
Growing up, did you ever observe gender differences among girls and boys in school? Do you still observe gender differences as an adult? There are established gender differences noted in a variety of contexts. This lesson will explore specific differences in physical and motor skills, cognitive abilities and more.
3. The Effect of Culture, Socialization & Culture Shock on Education
In this lesson we will explore the effect of culture on the socialization of children. We will also seek to understand the impact that culture has on their educational experiences.
4. Socioeconomic Status & Education: Statistics & Impact
We hear about socioeconomic status often, but what does it mean when we talk about its relationship with education? This lesson will bring you up to speed as well as introduce relevant statistics about socioeconomic status and education.
5. Methods for Assessing Students' Prior Knowledge & Skills
Before beginning instruction, teachers should use different assessments to determine what their students know about a particular topic. This lesson discusses the importance of these assessments and gives examples that are commonly used in the classroom.
6. What is Motivation? - Theories & Examples
Why do we do what we do? Motivation is the term that we use to describe why people move towards certain actions and goals but not others. Learn about the concept of motivation and a few important theories psychologists have developed to try and explain our behavior.
7. What Is Self-Esteem in Children? - Definition, Measures & Development
Read this lesson for an overview of self-esteem in children, including a definition of self-esteem, two competing theories, and an example of how to successfully build self-esteem.
8. Using Cognitive Development Psychology in the Classroom
Do you ever feel bombarded with the amount of new information in a class? How do you process new information in order to create usable knowledge? These are the types of questions cognitive psychologists and teachers seek to answer. This lesson will explore and apply the major assumptions of cognitive development and psychology.
9. How Students' Maturity Levels Impact Learning
This lesson provides an overview of cognitive and social maturity, and how they affect the success of learners of all ages. It covers related relevant research and offers helpful suggestions for addressing learner maturity in the classroom.
10. Giftedness in Children: Definition, Characteristics & Conceptions
Schools generally define giftedness as high ability, but there are other ways to define giftedness. Learn more about the definitions, characteristics and conceptions of giftedness in children and test your knowledge with quiz questions.
11. Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
In this lesson, you'll learn about cognitive academic language proficiency, how it affects student learning, and what can be done to improve student outcomes. An example is provided and a short quiz follows.
12. Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners
The number of English language learners (ELLs) in the classroom is on the rise, and teachers must have strategies for teaching these students. This lesson will highlight ways in which to scaffold instruction for ELLs to help them become successful in the classroom.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Praxis PLT - Grades K-6 (5622): Practice & Study Guide course
- Educational Theorists
- Theories of Educational Psychology
- Domains of Human Development
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Special Education Modifications, Assessments & Legislation
- Behavioral Theories Affecting Education
- Motivation & Conditioning Theories in Education
- Strategies for Motivating Students
- Learning Environments & Classroom Management
- Instructional Theory & Approaches
- Standards & Frameworks in Instructional Planning
- Curriculum Planning
- Resources for Learning & Teaching
- Thematic & Interdisciplinary Instruction
- Cognition & Learning
- Instructional Models & Strategies
- Complex Cognitive Processes in Learning
- Promoting Collaboration & Self-Regulation in the Classroom
- Teaching Inquiry & Questioning Skills
- Classroom Discussion & Communication Techniques
- Assessing Student Learning
- Professional Development for Educators
- School & Organizational Support for Teachers
- Legal & Ethical Requirements of an Educator
- Praxis PLT: Grades K-6 Flashcards