About This Chapter
Various Government Structures - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you will strengthen your knowledge of the many government structures that exist throughout the world. Our instructors refresh your understanding of the forms of government, including democracy, monarchy and oligarchy. The strengths and weaknesses of traditional types of government are covered as well.
In addition, you will explore the concept of a state, and you may learn something new about states' development and power. After finishing the short video lessons, you should also be able to:
- List the characteristics of an absolute monarchy
- Differentiate between unitary, confederal and federal governments
- Identify the types of constitutional government
- Understand the history of the parliamentary system of government
- Describe the roles of the British prime minister and Cabinet
- Distinguish between Parliament and Congress
- Compare and contrast two-party and multi-party systems
- Explain the pluralist, power-elite and Marxist models of social power
- Recognize the impact of a state's history and traditions on its contemporary government
Our professional instructors use a number of examples and images to explain the topics in this chapter. Although the videos are information-packed, they typically are less than 10 minutes long. In addition to the videos, we provide transcripts of each lesson that may help you during study time. You can also use our multiple-choice lesson quizzes to check your comprehension of government structures.
1. Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses
In this lesson, we will explore several traditional types of government. We will define each type and take a close look at its strengths and weaknesses.
2. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democracy, Oligarchy & More
The governance of nations differs significantly based on who has power. This lesson will differentiate five forms of government: monarchy, democracy, oligarchy, authoritarianism, and totalitarianism.
3. Absolute Monarchy: Definition, Characteristics & Examples
During the 17th century, Europe experienced economics crises, religious wars, and civil unrest. Absolute monarchy was but one response to the search for a more ordered society. In this lesson, learn the definition, characteristics and prime historic examples of absolutism.
4. Unitary, Confederal & Federal Governments
This lesson compares three systems of government, and gives you the basics about each. Learn how the region that is now the United States has interacted with all three approaches.
5. Types of Constitutional Government
Learn about constitutional governments through the eyes of a citizen of a fictional country undergoing change. Gain insight into what each of these styles means as you weigh the benefits of unitary and federal types.
6. The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government
In this lesson, we explore the parliamentary system of government and several of the European nations that employ the system, as well as the European Parliament and its constraints.
7. The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet
In this lesson, we will examine the roles and duties of the British prime minister and Cabinet. We will pay close attention to how the prime minister and Cabinet members obtain their positions.
8. Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences
In this lesson, we will review the major differences between Congress and Parliament. We will take a closer look at why these differences exist and how they affect decision-making in those particular democratic countries.
9. Two-Party & Multi-Party Systems: Similarities & Differences
The following lesson will cover the similarities and differences between the two-party and multi-party systems of government. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
10. Social Power Theories: Pluralist, Power-Elite & Marxist Models
This lesson will explain and differentiate three major theories of power in society: The pluralist model, the power-elite model and the Marxist model.
11. State as a Concept: Definition, Development, & Size
This lesson will seek to explain the concept of a state. In doing so, it will highlight legitimate power, traditional authority, rational authority, and a federal system of states.
12. The Role of State Traditions & History in Government
Do all state governments operate the same way? This lesson looks at what is similar and what is different between states as well as some of the history behind these traditions.
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Other chapters within the GACE Political Science (532): Practice & Study Guide course
- Political Science Concepts
- Political Thought
- Major Political Thinkers
- Development of the U.S. Political System
- The U.S. Constitution
- The U.S Legislative Branch
- The U.S. Executive Branch
- The U.S. Judicial Branch
- GACE Political Science: U.S. Jurisprudence
- Federal Government & the Economy
- Georgia State Government
- Political Parties & Elections
- Media & Culture in U.S. Politics
- American Federalism
- Rights & Responsibilities of U.S. Citizenship
- Interest Groups & Lobbying
- Crime & Criminal Justice in the U.S.
- U.S. Foreign Policy
- Local Geography & Politics
- International Relations
- Actors in International Relations
- International Law & Politics
- Global Issues in International Relations
- GACE Political Science Flashcards