About This Chapter
Standard: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11-12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered this standard are able to write with clear meaning and their intended tone. They also have the ability to understand unfamiliar vocabulary words and identify correct word meanings while reading.
Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:
- Inferring a piece's meaning
- Determining word or sentence terms in relation to a whole piece
- Manipulating piece meaning with writing architecture
- Using context to decipher a word's meaning
- Identifying patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech
- Writing a clear sentence
Students demonstrate mastery of this standard when reading or writing. They are able to take their previously established knowledge of vocabulary, tone and sentence structures to successfully determine the meaning of unknown words without consulting a dictionary. Mastery of this standard allows students to understand higher levels of reading, as well as produce higher quality writings.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the standard:
Vocabulary Using Context Lessons
Develop a worksheet containing sentences that have multiple meaning or unusual vocabulary words that are underlined. Have students watch the video lesson 'How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words.' After the students read the worksheet, have a class discussion on the definitions for the underlined words. Also identify how the students came to define the underlined words.
Meaning Construction Lessons
Prior to class, create a worksheet that has sentences with missing vocabulary words. After each sentence, provide a multiple choice selection that consists of possible words that might be used. Show students all vocabulary video lessons. Give the students time to complete the worksheet. Spend time revealing the correct answers. Explain how the wrong answers shift tone and meaning for each sentence.
Essay Tone Lessons
Watch the video lesson 'How Word Choice and Language Sets the Tone of Your Essay.' Provide the class with a sheet that displays paragraphs with incorrect effect language. Allow the students to have time to identify and fix the effect language that alters each paragraph's tone. Explain the answers and show the class how to properly convey specific tones during essay writing.
1. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
2. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
3. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
4. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words
With diligence and intrepid ingenuity, you can use context to ascertain the purport of a word. In other words, in this lesson, we'll find out how to use context to figure out what words mean.
5. How Word Choice and Language Sets the Tone of Your Essay
In this video, we will discuss how word choice sets the tone for your essay. This includes letting the reader know if you are angry, happy or even attempting to refrain from bias. These tools bring your 'voice' into your writing.
6. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?
In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.
7. How Word Changes Indicate Parts of Speech
In this lesson, we're working with some of the eight parts of speech including verbs, nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. We'll also cover suffixes and show how that changes the meaning of the word.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Language Grades 11-12: Standards course