Ch 4: Vocabulary: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.4

About This Chapter

Find lessons for eleventh and twelfth grade English. The following lessons meet the Common Core Language standard for using strategies to determine multiple-meaning and unknown phrases or words (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.4).

Standard: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11-12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

About This Chapter

Students who have mastered this standard are able to write with clear meaning and their intended tone. They also have the ability to understand unfamiliar vocabulary words and identify correct word meanings while reading.

Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:

  • Inferring a piece's meaning
  • Determining word or sentence terms in relation to a whole piece
  • Manipulating piece meaning with writing architecture
  • Using context to decipher a word's meaning
  • Identifying patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech
  • Writing a clear sentence

Students demonstrate mastery of this standard when reading or writing. They are able to take their previously established knowledge of vocabulary, tone and sentence structures to successfully determine the meaning of unknown words without consulting a dictionary. Mastery of this standard allows students to understand higher levels of reading, as well as produce higher quality writings.

How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom

Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the standard:

Vocabulary Using Context Lessons

Develop a worksheet containing sentences that have multiple meaning or unusual vocabulary words that are underlined. Have students watch the video lesson 'How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words.' After the students read the worksheet, have a class discussion on the definitions for the underlined words. Also identify how the students came to define the underlined words.

Meaning Construction Lessons

Prior to class, create a worksheet that has sentences with missing vocabulary words. After each sentence, provide a multiple choice selection that consists of possible words that might be used. Show students all vocabulary video lessons. Give the students time to complete the worksheet. Spend time revealing the correct answers. Explain how the wrong answers shift tone and meaning for each sentence.

Essay Tone Lessons

Watch the video lesson 'How Word Choice and Language Sets the Tone of Your Essay.' Provide the class with a sheet that displays paragraphs with incorrect effect language. Allow the students to have time to identify and fix the effect language that alters each paragraph's tone. Explain the answers and show the class how to properly convey specific tones during essay writing.

7 Lessons in Chapter 4: Vocabulary: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.4
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning

1. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning

Inference is a conclusion or opinion that is logically formed through observation, facts, reasoning and evidence. Learn about the meaning of inference, explore how to infer an intended meaning and understand how to practice making inferences.

Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure

2. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure

There are reading strategies for constructing meaning in literature. Learn to use prior knowledge to understand content, employ context clues to determine word definitions, and explain word structure and how it helps to comprehend unfamiliar words.

Reading Strategies Using Visualization

3. Reading Strategies Using Visualization

Visualization is an effective reading strategy to support reading comprehension. This lesson will explore the definition, purpose, and benefits of visualization, as well as explain how to visualize while reading.

How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words

4. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words

There are a number of techniques used to determine the meaning of words by examining them in the context of a sentence. Learn how to look for definitions and examples within the sentence, pay attention to synonyms and antonyms, and substitute unknown words.

How Word Choice and Language Set the Tone of Your Essay

5. How Word Choice and Language Set the Tone of Your Essay

The word choice and the language of an essay play a key role in setting the tone of the essay and letting readers know exactly what is meant to be said. Learn how using different words can change the tone of sentences and how punctuation helps readers to know how the message is intended to be communicated by the author.

What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?

6. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?

The structure of a written story impacts the story's meaning. This lesson will define what is in a story, the framework of a story, and how the story is organized impacts the meaning of the story.

How Word Changes Indicate Parts of Speech

7. How Word Changes Indicate Parts of Speech

In this lesson, we're working with some of the eight parts of speech including verbs, nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. We'll also cover suffixes and show how that changes the meaning of the word.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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