About This Chapter
Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: DNA, Genes & Proteins - Chapter Summary
You can use our helpful study guides to improve your understanding of DNA, genes and proteins. These topics will be necessary to know if you want to do well on the Washington End-of-Course (EOC) exam on grade 10 biology. The lessons will teach you about:
- The definition of DNA, and the chemical structure of nucleic acids and phosphodiester bonds
- Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine and complementary base pairing
- The double helix structure of DNA
- DNA vs. RNA
- The process and importance of protein synthesis
- Gene expressions, proteins and inherited traits
The chapter will also provide you with some practice quiz questions you can use to assess your understanding of these topics prior to taking the actual exam. Overall, studying for the Washington EOC Biology Grade 10 exam will be much easier if you have our study guides to help you!
1. What is DNA? - Structure, Overview
This lesson will explore the race to find the structure of the DNA molecule, the parts of that structure and how they fit together, and how this knowledge has been used to advance mankind.
2. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds
In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.
3. DNA: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine & Complementary Base Pairing
Learn the language of nucleotides as we look at the nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. Armed with this knowledge, you'll also see why DNA strands must run in opposite directions.
4. DNA: Discovery, Facts, Structure & Function in Heredity
This lesson will help you to navigate the twists and turns of DNA's structure. We'll also clue you in on the amazing discoveries that put this nucleic acid in the limelight as the molecule of heredity.
5. Differences Between RNA and DNA & Types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA & rRNA)
In this lesson, you'll explore RNA structure and learn the central dogma of molecular biology. Along the way, you'll meet the three types of RNA and see how the cell uses them most effectively.
6. Protein Synthesis in Cells: Process & Importance
The DNA of the cell contains the blueprints for all the proteins in the body. These blueprints become proteins with the help of RNA and ribosomes. Follow along with this lesson to learn about the two major phases of protein synthesis: transcription and translation.
7. Genetics: Heredity, Traits & Chromosomes
We view manipulation of genes in our crops and livestock as a recent development. Yet, man has been manipulating the genetic makeup of his food for thousands of years through cultivation and breeding. This lesson will begin to help you understand how genetics works.
8. How Gene Expression & Proteins Control Inherited Traits
We inherit our genes, which tell our bodies what they should do and what we should look like, from our parents, but how do you go from DNA in your cell to a physical trait? This lesson will explore gene expression and how it makes you be you.
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Other chapters within the Washington EOC - Biology Grade 10: Test Prep & Practice course
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Predictability & Feedback Loops
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Scientific Investigation
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Conclusions & Results
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Science, Technology & Society
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Photosynthesis
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Cellular Respiration
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Cell Biology
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Chemical Reactions in Cells
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Chromosomes & Mitosis
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Fertilization & Offspring Variation
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Matter & Energy Cycles
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Populations & Sustainability
- Washington EOC Biology Grade 10: Biological Evolution
- Washington EOC - Biology Grade 10 Flashcards