About This Chapter
Water Cycle - Chapter Summary
The water cycle explains how water on Earth moves from our rivers and oceans to the clouds in the sky, and back again. The lessons in this chapter will help you review what you've learned about the different phases of the water cycle, including precipitation, condensation, and evaporation. By the end of this chapter, you will have explored:
- Examples of evaporation and condensation
- The formation of precipitation
- Runoff and infiltration processes
- Water and its properties
- Water as a universal solvent
We strive to keep the learning experience enjoyable, engaging, and effective. Our expert instructors have created inviting video and text lessons that help illustrate the material in a way that's easy to comprehend and preserve. For video lessons, clickable timelines are available in case you need to review a particular portion of the lesson. After each lesson, complete an interactive quiz to test your progress. When you've finished all of the lessons, take the cumulative chapter exam to see how well you've absorbed of the information.
1. What is Evaporation? - Definition & Examples
Evaporation is the process of a substance in a liquid state changing to a gaseous state due to an increase in temperature and/or pressure. Evaporation is a fundamental part of the water cycle and is constantly occurring throughout nature.
2. What is Condensation? - Definition & Examples
Condensation is the process of a substance in a gaseous state transforming into a liquid state. This change is caused by a change in pressure and temperature of the substance. In this lesson, you will learn about some examples and test your knowledge with a short quiz.
3. What is Precipitation? - Definition, Types & Formation
Precipitation comes in many forms, but it all comes from the same general process. In this video lesson you will identify different types of precipitation, as well as how precipitation forms in the atmosphere from condensation.
4. Runoff & Infiltration: Definition & Process
When water falls to the ground as precipitation, it can either fill the spaces in the soil below ground or run across the surface. In this video lesson, you will learn about the processes of infiltration and runoff, and how they are an important part of the water cycle on Earth.
5. Properties of Water
Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.
6. Why is Water the Universal Solvent?
Did you know that water is referred to as the ''universal solvent?'' In this lesson, you'll learn what that means. You'll also learn which of water's properties make it the universal solvent.
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Other chapters within the GACE Middle Grades Science (014): Practice & Study Guide course
- Scientific Inquiry & Design
- Nature of Scientific Knowledge
- Major Developments & Historical Figures in Science
- Collecting & Analyzing Scientific Data
- Science Laboratory & Field Equipment Safety
- Environmental Effects of Science & Technology
- Energy Production & Natural Resource Management
- Science & Technology in Consumer Products
- The Atomic Model, Energy & Matter
- Concepts & Relationships Between Energy & Matter
- Basics of the Periodic Table
- Chemical Compounds & Reactions
- Acid-Base Chemistry
- Solutions & Solubility
- Basic Concepts of Mechanics
- Electricity & Magnetism Concepts
- Waves & Optics
- Structure & Function of Cells & Organelles
- Basic Biochemistry of Life
- Basic Genetics
- Evolution, Natural Selection & Biological Diversity
- Hierarchical Classification of Living Things
- Plant Structures & Function
- Animal & Human Anatomy & Physiology
- Population Dynamics & Ecology
- Intro to Rocks, Minerals & Soil
- Earth's Structure & Internal Processes
- Effects of Plate Tectonics
- Historical Geology
- Earth's Oceans & Landforms
- Freshwater Characteristics & Processes
- Atmosphere & Weather
- Climate & Seasons
- Exploring Features of the Solar System
- Earth-Moon-Sun System
- GACE Middle Grades Science Flashcards