About This Chapter
Water Systems - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter cover the basic properties of different types of water, including ocean and glacial water. You can learn how the processes of evaporation and transpiration play a role in the hydrologic cycle. You'll also discover the effect of ocean circulation on climate patterns. Lessons are devoted to the results of glacial erosion and deposition.
The chapter examines the role of spring and groundwater systems in retaining water and nutrients. The function of water throughout various weather conditions is explored, including how water contributes to cloud formation, precipitation and humidity. Later lessons list some of the tools and technologies used to forecast weather patterns. The chapter closes with instruction on how to interpret weather maps. When you finish this chapter, you should have an understanding of the following key topics:
- Basic properties of water
- Evaporation and transpiration as part of the hydrologic cycle
- Properties of ocean water
- Glacial erosion and deposition
- Upwelling of nutrients
- Role of spring and groundwater systems
- Humidity, cloud formation and precipitation
- Technologies and tools used to collect and forecast weather
- Interpretation of weather maps
We provide concise video lessons taught by experienced instructors in the field. Lessons come with self-assessment quizzes and transcripts, so you can check your learning as you complete the chapter. You can also use video tags to quickly locate certain information.
1. Properties of Water
Hydrogen bonds make up a lot of the properties that make water able to be drunk and frozen as well as aid its elements. Learn more about the properties of water as well as its functions.
2. What Are the Properties of Water? - Unique Properties that Support Life on Earth
Water is a fundamental covalent compound that exhibits several unique properties that are necessary for life-sustaining functions in many organisms. Learn the chemical formula and unique properties of water to support life on Earth.
3. How Evaporation & Transpiration Contribute to the Hydrologic Cycle
The water cycle, also called the hydrologic cycle, is one of the most essential cycles on earth. Understand the process of evaporation from earth's surface, how transpiration comes from plants, and how evaporation and transpiration impact the hydrologic cycle as a whole.
4. Ocean Circulation: Patterns & Effect on Climate
Ocean circulation refers to the patterns of water movement in ocean basins. Learn about ocean circulation, and explore how the patterns of ocean currents affect the climate. Gain understanding by reviewing ocean gyres, upwelling, and thermohaline circulation.
5. Properties of Ocean Water
The salty waters of the ocean have their own unique properties that differ from those of freshwater. Although salt is the main chemical found in ocean water, there are many others, including dissolved gases. Explore the properties of ocean water, including salinity, temperature, heat capacity, and density.
6. What Are Glaciers? - Definition, Types & Processes
Glaciers are large accumulations of ice that come in various shapes and forms, such as large sheets or blocks. Explore the world of glaciers and learn more about what they are, the various types that exist, and how they move.
7. What is Humidity? - Definition, Measurements & Effects
Humidity refers to the amount of water vapor in the air which can make it feel even hotter on a summer day and increase the chances of a rainstorm developing. Explore the definition and measurements of humidity and dew points, learn how to measure relative humidity, and discover how humidity affects weather and climate.
8. What is Cloud Formation? - Definition, Types & Process
Clouds are formed when warm, moist air rises up, cools down, and condenses into water droplets. There are ten major cloud shapes that fall into four groups based on altitude, or height in the sky. Explore the process of cloud formation and learn how to define the types of clouds, including cirrus, altostratus, stratocumulus, and cumulonimbus clouds.
9. What is Precipitation? - Definition, Types & Formation
Precipitation is the liquid or frozen water particles condensed in the atmosphere that falls back to the ground. Learn about the definition and types of precipitation and discover how precipitation is formed.
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Other chapters within the ILTS Science - Earth and Space Science (108): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- About the ILTS Exams
- Scientific Inquiry and Practices
- Cell Structure
- Heredity and Evolution
- Characteristics and Life Functions of Organisms
- Organisms and the Environment
- Fundamentals of Thermodynamics
- The Atom & Matter
- Trends of the Periodic Table
- Chemical Bonds and Reactions
- Nuclear Processes
- Waves Overview
- Magnetism & Electricity
- Land, Water, and Atmospheric Systems
- Weather and Storms
- Earth's Geology and Structure
- Historical Evolution of Earth
- Energy Sources & Human Impact on the Earth
- Renewable Energy Resources
- Environmental Impact & Sustainability
- Planets and the Solar System
- Stars, Galaxies & the Universe
- Astronomy & Space Exploration
- ILTS Science - Earth and Space Science Flashcards