About This Chapter
Weather & Climate - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter provide an overview of weather and climate. You'll gain a better understanding of stormy weather, global precipitation distribution, and pressure patterns. You'll also look at different causes of rain. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Explain the difference between weather and climate
- Provide an example of a microclimate
- Examine processes involved in water moving around the Earth
- Detail the importance of runoff as part of the water cycle
- Explain why low pressure systems cause stormy weather
- Discuss the rain shadow effect
- Draw a diagram to explain different types of rainfall
- Explore the effects of wind and pressure patterns on rainfall
As you go through these lessons on weather and climate, you'll find that the information is presented in a concise manner. Video timelines let you navigate the learning process and review only the topics you need. A brief multiple-choice quiz is available for each lesson to determine how much of the content and details you recall. Make the most of the chapter by printing the quiz/worksheets to study offline.
1. Weather vs. Climate: Definition, Differences & Effects
This video lesson will guide you in understanding the difference between climate and weather. Discover how they are different but related and how they are the ways you can describe atmospheric conditions on Earth.
2. Microclimate: Definition, Factors & Examples
A microclimate is a smaller area within a general climate zone that has its own unique climate. Learn more about microclimates, and see some examples.
3. The Water Cycle: Precipitation, Condensation, and Evaporation
This lesson discusses the processes water takes as it moves around the Earth in the water cycle. You'll get an in-depth look at condensation, precipitation, and evaporation.
4. Runoff & Infiltration: Definition & Process
When water falls to the ground as precipitation, it can either fill the spaces in the soil below ground or run across the surface. In this video lesson, you will learn about the processes of infiltration and runoff, and how they are an important part of the water cycle on Earth.
5. Why Does It Rain?
In this lesson we'll learn the main causes of rain, including why low pressure systems bring stormy weather and how collisions of warm and cold air influence rainfall. Then, we'll look at the impact of geological structures on rainfall.
6. The Rain Shadow Effect: Definition & Explanation
You probably know how regular shadows form. But what about rain shadows? Learn why one side of mountains tends to be so dry, and why we call it the rain shadow effect. Test your knowledge with a quiz.
7. How to Annotate Rainfall on a Diagram
Did you know there are three different types of rain depending on how the how air is pushed upwards? And did you know that you can have all three types of rain in a single area? Learn about this and how to diagram it in this lesson.
8. Global Precipitation Distribution's Relation to Wind & Pressure Patterns
The water cycle of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation isn't the only thing that determines if it will rain or not. In this lesson, we'll look at the effects of wind and pressure patterns on rainfall around the world.
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