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Ch 2: WEST Business & Marketing Education: Classical Management Theories

About This Chapter

Prepare for the WEST Business & Marketing Education teacher certification test with this chapter on classical management theories. Study the theories and principles of Taylor, Fayol, Follett and more.

WEST Business & Marketing Education: Classical Management Theories - Chapter Summary

Use this chapter to review the classical management theories from the 1900s-1930s. These videos provide details on the theories of many management experts, including Henry Gantt, Max Weber and Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. Watch these videos to refresh your understanding of:

  • Formal definition of classical management theory
  • Development of bureaucracy
  • The scientific school of management
  • Management theories of Fredrick Taylor
  • Gantt charts and graphs
  • Henri Fayol's management principles and theories
  • Gilbreth's motion study
  • The administrative school of management
  • Follett's leadership theories
  • Barnard's organizational theories

These online videos are designed to help you brush up your knowledge of management theories and can be accessed online at any time from any place - even from a mobile device. You'll also have access to text transcripts that highlight key vocabulary terms and self-assessment quizzes.

WEST Business & Marketing Education: Classical Management Theories - Chapter Objectives

The WEST Business & Marketing Education test is designed to evaluate the abilities of those seeking a certification to teach business and marketing in Washington State. The computer-based test includes questions from five content areas; one of which is business management and law. This content area makes up 17% of the 110 test questions.

The content of this chapter can help you prepare for questions on analyzing the theories and methods of classical management theories. You can also use the quizzes to get practice answering questions in the same format that they appear on the WEST Business & Marketing Education exam.

11 Lessons in Chapter 2: WEST Business & Marketing Education: Classical Management Theories
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition

1. Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition

It was the rise of the Industrial Revolution and factories were becoming more common. Inside these factories, managers were constantly looking for ways to improve productivity and efficiency. As time moved on, it became apparent that searching for the single best way to do things was the most important thing for managers to do. Thus, classical management theory was born. This lesson will discuss the evolution of classical management theory.

Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management

2. Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management

At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations. Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where organizations are more authoritative, rigid and structured. This lesson will describe the development of bureaucracy and common characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.

Classical Scientific School of Management

3. Classical Scientific School of Management

The scientific school of management focused on the 'science' of creating specialized work processes and workforce skills to complete production tasks efficiently. This lesson will discuss the development of scientific management and how it is applied by management as illustrated by the classic example of Henry Ford's Model T production line.

Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

4. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.

Gantt Charts & Bar Graphs: Henry Gantt's Contributions to Management

5. Gantt Charts & Bar Graphs: Henry Gantt's Contributions to Management

This lesson will describe how Henry Gantt revolutionized management practices by providing a graphical representation, also known as the Gantt chart, of work processes that showed scheduling and monitoring projections. Other contributions of Henry Gantt, such as the task and bonus system, will also be discussed.

Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization

6. Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization

Prior to Henri Fayol's development of an administrative theory of management, managers took a scientific approach to work, attempting to maximize productivity by treating their workers like machines. Fayol's 14 Principles of Management focus on the entire organization rather than just the work. This lesson covers the first seven of these principles.

Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction

7. Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction

In this lesson, we'll discuss how Henri Fayol's final seven principles play out in the workplace. Using a professional restaurant kitchen as an example, you'll learn about the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.

Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's Motion Study

8. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's Motion Study

This lesson describes the contributions this husband-and-wife team made to the field of management, including their famous motion study, which provided insight into particular movements that could increase outputs.

Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization

9. Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization

Even if a business knows what each of their individual workers ought to be doing, there may not be any overarching mission guiding their work. This lesson describes how the need to consider an entire organization by emphasizing management principles led to the development of the classical administrative school of management.

Mary Parker Follett: People-Oriented, Group-Network Management

10. Mary Parker Follett: People-Oriented, Group-Network Management

Leaders in today's organizations utilize common goals and participative decision-making to achieve a people-oriented, group network management approach. Mary Parker Follett developed this classical leadership theory during the pre-war 1920s, and it is still relevant in contemporary business.

Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance Theory

11. Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance Theory

Chester Barnard believed that formal organizations are made up of informal groups. These informal groups evolve to become the informal organization. The group's beliefs and values establish the organizational culture and determine, to a large extent, formal acceptance of authority.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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