About This Chapter
WEST History: American Civil War - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter can help you review for the WEST History test by refreshing your knowledge of the events leading up to the Civil War, major battles, personalities involved, turning points and significant events. The material covered in the lessons is as follows:
- Election of Abraham Lincoln, secession and the Confederacy
- North vs. South: beginnings of the war
- Major engagements: Bull Run, Shiloh, Merrimac vs. Monitor
- Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation
- Turning points: Gettysburg, Chancellorsville
- The march to Richmond, beginning of the end
- General Lee's surrender, Lincoln's assassination
Our brief, engaging video lessons allow you to refresh or expand your knowledge, and the self-assessment quizzes give you a means to track your progress. Our lessons provide a timeline feature so that you can review selectively, and we have subject-matter experts available for consultation if you so desire.
WEST History: American Civil War Objectives
The WEST History test evaluates your knowledge of world and United States history and social studies skills and concepts, as part of the requirements for teacher certification or a history teaching endorsement. The American Civil War chapter addresses the U.S. History domain of the WEST History exam, which accounts for 36% of the overall test.
The WEST History exam is computer-based. The tests consists of 110 questions, all of which are multiple choice. You are presented with a short passage to read and a list of possible responses, from which you will select the one that best answers the question.
1. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
2. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
3. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
4. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh
In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.
5. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
6. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.
7. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond
President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.
8. Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
Two of the most eventful weeks in American history took place between April 1 and April 15, 1865, during which Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy) fell, General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse and President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
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Other chapters within the WEST History (027): Practice & Study Guide course
- WEST History: Indigenous Societies of North America
- WEST History: Early Settlements in the United States
- WEST History: Background of the American Revolution
- WEST History: The American Revolution
- WEST History: Emergence of the United States
- WEST History: The Virginia Dynasty
- WEST History: The Jacksonian Democracy
- WEST History: Manifest Destiny
- WEST History: Reconstruction
- WEST History: Industrialization & Urbanization in the US
- WEST History: The Progressive Era
- WEST History: American Imperialism
- WEST History: The Roaring 20s
- WEST History: The Great Depression
- WEST History: The US in World War II
- WEST History: The US & the Cold War
- WEST History: Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- WEST History: United States During the 1970s
- WEST History: The Presidents of Contemporary America
- WEST History: The Stone Age
- WEST History: The Bronze & Iron Age
- WEST History: Ancient Civilizations
- WEST History: The History of Eastern Europe
- WEST History: The History of China & Japan
- WEST History: Foundations of Religion
- WEST History: Hinduism
- WEST History: Buddhism
- WEST History: Confucianism
- WEST History: Judaism
- WEST History: Christianity
- WEST History: Islam
- WEST History: Ancient Greece
- WEST History: Roman Republic & Empire
- WEST History: Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- WEST History: The History of France & England
- WEST History: Renaissance & Reformation
- WEST History: The History of Africa
- WEST History: The History of the Americas
- WEST History: Imperialism & Colonization
- WEST History: Revolution & Independence in Europe
- WEST History: The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- WEST History: The History of Germany
- WEST History: World War I & II
- WEST History: Russia & the Cold War
- WEST History: Understanding & Using History
- WEST History: Investigating & Interpreting History
- WEST History Flashcards