About This Chapter
WEST History: Background of the American Revolution - Chapter Summary
These comprehensive lessons provide the background information you will need for the corresponding section of the WEST History test. The material covered in the lessons is as follows:
- Causes, effects, impact of the French and Indian War
- Stamp Act, colonial resistance to British rule
- Sons of Liberty and Boston Massacre
- Declaratory, Townshend and Intolerable Acts
- Boston Tea Party, first Continental Congress
- The First Great Awakening in colonial America and its impact on the independence movement
By reviewing these short, appealing video lessons and the accompanying self-assessment quizzes, you can reinforce your knowledge of this period of American history. Our subject matter experts are available should the need arise, and the timeline feature of the lessons allows you to review selected parts instead of the whole lesson, thus saving time.
WEST History: Background of the American Revolution Chapter Objectives
The U.S. History domain of the WEST History test examines your knowledge of the history of our nation from pre-Columbian America to the modern era in preparation for teacher certification or a history teaching endorsement. Our Background of the American Revolution chapter reflects some of the topics covered in the pre-contact to 1791 section of the U.S. History domain, which makes up about 36% of the WEST History exam overall.
The WEST History exam is computer-based with a total of 110 questions, and all are multiple choice. You are given a short section to read, and then a list of possible responses from which you must select the one that gives the most accurate answer.
1. The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary
In the mid-1700s, the Seven Years' War involved all of the world's major colonial powers on five continents. The biggest fight was between France and Great Britain, and the victor would come away with control of North America.
2. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
3. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
4. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
5. The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence
While the Enlightenment was shaping the minds of 18th-century colonists, another movement, the First Great Awakening, was shaping their hearts. With freedom of conscience at its core, the Awakening led Americans to break with religious traditions and seek out their own beliefs while sharing common values.
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Other chapters within the WEST History (027): Practice & Study Guide course
- WEST History: Indigenous Societies of North America
- WEST History: Early Settlements in the United States
- WEST History: The American Revolution
- WEST History: Emergence of the United States
- WEST History: The Virginia Dynasty
- WEST History: The Jacksonian Democracy
- WEST History: Manifest Destiny
- WEST History: American Civil War
- WEST History: Reconstruction
- WEST History: Industrialization & Urbanization in the US
- WEST History: The Progressive Era
- WEST History: American Imperialism
- WEST History: The Roaring 20s
- WEST History: The Great Depression
- WEST History: The US in World War II
- WEST History: The US & the Cold War
- WEST History: Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- WEST History: United States During the 1970s
- WEST History: The Presidents of Contemporary America
- WEST History: The Stone Age
- WEST History: The Bronze & Iron Age
- WEST History: Ancient Civilizations
- WEST History: The History of Eastern Europe
- WEST History: The History of China & Japan
- WEST History: Foundations of Religion
- WEST History: Hinduism
- WEST History: Buddhism
- WEST History: Confucianism
- WEST History: Judaism
- WEST History: Christianity
- WEST History: Islam
- WEST History: Ancient Greece
- WEST History: Roman Republic & Empire
- WEST History: Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- WEST History: The History of France & England
- WEST History: Renaissance & Reformation
- WEST History: The History of Africa
- WEST History: The History of the Americas
- WEST History: Imperialism & Colonization
- WEST History: Revolution & Independence in Europe
- WEST History: The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- WEST History: The History of Germany
- WEST History: World War I & II
- WEST History: Russia & the Cold War
- WEST History: Understanding & Using History
- WEST History: Investigating & Interpreting History
- WEST History Flashcards