About This Chapter
WEST History: Renaissance & Reformation - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter are designed to provide an overview of the influences of the Renaissance and Reformation on art and religion in world history. You will have the opportunity to review key figures and cultural events that began and marked the development of these time periods. Upon successful review of these lessons, you should feel comfortable in demonstrating the following and apply your knowledge when taking the WEST History exam:
- Describing what the Renaissance is and how it began in Italy
- Defining humanism and how it developed
- Discussing major works of Renaissance Art
- Summarizing events that led to the start of the Protestant Reformation
- Identifying European countries that embraced Protestantism
- Noting major Reformation artists
- Comparing Protestant and Catholic beliefs and discussing how the Reformation changed the Catholic Church
- Recounting Machiavelli's view of governing
- Detailing the doctrines of Reformation leaders Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin
A timeline feature is available for each lesson of this chapter, allowing you to access only those parts of the videos in which you feel you need the most review. Self-assessment quizzes test you on what you have reviewed in a multiple-choice format utilized in the actual WEST History exam.
WEST History: Renaissance & Reformation Objectives
The WEST History exam assesses your comprehension of U.S. and world history events as well as concepts in social studies. By reviewing the Renaissance & Reformation chapter, you can be prepared to answer questions presented in the first competency area of the test's world history domain. The computer-based History exam requires you to answer 110 multiple-choice questions.
New and beginning teachers in Washington are assessed using WEST exams. The basic exam addresses reading, writing and mathematics concepts, while endorsement exams such as that in history are offered in various subject areas. Endorsements can be added to new or existing teaching certificates. Endorsement exams require a passing score of 240.
1. The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation
This lesson will discuss the three main reasons why Italy transformed from a group of competing city-states to the home of the birth of the Renaissance.
2. Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual
In this lesson, we will be discussing how humanism changed the idea of the individual from something sinful and controlled by the Church into something of great beauty and worth.
3. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture
In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.
4. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
5. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.
6. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
7. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.
8. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars
This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.
9. Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin: History, Importance & Impact
In this lesson, we will meet two famous Reformation leaders, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. We will examine their lives and their doctrines, and explore their impact on Christianity.
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Other chapters within the WEST History (027): Practice & Study Guide course
- WEST History: Indigenous Societies of North America
- WEST History: Early Settlements in the United States
- WEST History: Background of the American Revolution
- WEST History: The American Revolution
- WEST History: Emergence of the United States
- WEST History: The Virginia Dynasty
- WEST History: The Jacksonian Democracy
- WEST History: Manifest Destiny
- WEST History: American Civil War
- WEST History: Reconstruction
- WEST History: Industrialization & Urbanization in the US
- WEST History: The Progressive Era
- WEST History: American Imperialism
- WEST History: The Roaring 20s
- WEST History: The Great Depression
- WEST History: The US in World War II
- WEST History: The US & the Cold War
- WEST History: Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- WEST History: United States During the 1970s
- WEST History: The Presidents of Contemporary America
- WEST History: The Stone Age
- WEST History: The Bronze & Iron Age
- WEST History: Ancient Civilizations
- WEST History: The History of Eastern Europe
- WEST History: The History of China & Japan
- WEST History: Foundations of Religion
- WEST History: Hinduism
- WEST History: Buddhism
- WEST History: Confucianism
- WEST History: Judaism
- WEST History: Christianity
- WEST History: Islam
- WEST History: Ancient Greece
- WEST History: Roman Republic & Empire
- WEST History: Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- WEST History: The History of France & England
- WEST History: The History of Africa
- WEST History: The History of the Americas
- WEST History: Imperialism & Colonization
- WEST History: Revolution & Independence in Europe
- WEST History: The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- WEST History: The History of Germany
- WEST History: World War I & II
- WEST History: Russia & the Cold War
- WEST History: Understanding & Using History
- WEST History: Investigating & Interpreting History
- WEST History Flashcards