Ch 34: WEST History: Roman Republic & Empire

About This Chapter

Enhance your knowledge of the rise and fall of the Roman Republic and empire. These lessons and self-assessment quizzes are designed to help you answer relevant world history questions on the Washington Educator Skills Test (WEST) History exam.

WEST History: Roman Republic and Empire - Chapter Summary

This chapter's lessons provide you with the opportunity to review or learn new facts about ancient Rome and events that led to its fall. You will find out about key figures, religious aspects, myths and periods of rule during the Roman Empire. Once you have mastered the material found in these lessons, you should display the following abilities while applying what you've learned during the WEST History exam:

  • Relating facts and myths about the founding of Rome
  • Listing Roman gods and explaining the rise of Christianity in Rome
  • Summarizing events that led to the rise of the Roman Republic
  • Detailing political and religious aspects of the Roman Republic and how it fell
  • Identifying the three branches of Roman law
  • Explaining how Judaism and Christianity were persecuted in Rome
  • Discussing Roman art and architecture
  • Naming emperors of the Roman Empire
  • Providing information about the rise and fall of the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople
  • Noting the division and corruption that led to the fall of Rome

The lessons condense a wealth of information in short and engaging videos, with a timeline feature allowing you to review only specific topics as needed. Quizzes can be re-taken over and over to help you fully master the topics covered in these lessons.

WEST History: Roman Republic and Empire Objectives

WEST exams are designed to measure your knowledge of U.S. and world history events and facts. You will also need to know about social studies concepts. The first competency area of the second domain of the WEST History exam will test you on ancient world civilizations, including Egypt, the Middle East and Rome. Questions will focus on Roman culture and institutions as well as facts about the rise and decline of the civilization.

WEST exams are educator assessments administered in the state of Washington. The WEST History exam is one of about 30 endorsement exams given to new and existing teachers seeking to add an endorsement to their teaching certificates. Other subject areas include business, dance, chemistry, music, library media and theater arts. The History exam is computer-based and contains 110 multiple-choice questions. All endorsement exams require a passing score of 240.

15 Lessons in Chapter 34: WEST History: Roman Republic & Empire
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.

Roman Myths and Religion

2. Roman Myths and Religion

This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

3. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

The Holy Roman Empire: Politics & Religion

4. The Holy Roman Empire: Politics & Religion

In this lesson, we will examine the Holy Roman Empire. We will learn about its development, explore its political institutions, meet its leaders, and study its last days.

Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

5. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.

Roman Engineering and Architecture

6. Roman Engineering and Architecture

This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.

Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

7. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

8. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire

9. Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire

This lesson will explain the reign of Constantine and his move to Constantinople. It will focus on the advantages of its location, its ties to Roman law, and its homogeneous Christian population.

Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

10. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.

Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

11. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.

The Byzantine Empire: History, Culture & Timeline

12. The Byzantine Empire: History, Culture & Timeline

In this lesson, you'll learn about the historical and cultural timeline of the Byzantine Empire and a bit about its famous emperors, Constantine and Justinian, seeing just how this 'New Rome' was established.

The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

13. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.

The Fall of Constantinople: History & Explanation

14. The Fall of Constantinople: History & Explanation

The Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453 CE marked the final collapse of the Roman Empire. This lesson will provide the background, summary, and far-reaching impact of this historical conflict.

The Fall of Rome

15. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the WEST History (027): Practice & Study Guide course

Support