# Ch 6: WEST Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions

### About This Chapter

## WEST Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions - Chapter Summary

Each of the video lessons in this chapter will guide you through a topic related to roots and radical expressions so that you can actively study for the WEST Middle Grades Math exam. As you follow along, you'll review topics that will be covered on the exam, such as:

- Identifying, estimating, and simplifying square roots
- Understanding radicands and radical expressions
- Adding and subtracting with radical notation
- Factoring, dividing, and multiplying radical expressions
- Solving equations with radicals
- Simplifying square roots of quotients
- Rationalizing denominators within radical expressions

Course instructors will walk you through each topic and deepen your understanding of these mathematical concepts to prepare you for the exam. By developing an all-encompassing understanding of roots and radical expressions, you'll be able to solve exam problems pertaining to these subjects.

### Objectives of the WEST Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions Chapter

Teachers in Washington state must pass the WEST Middle Grades Math exam in order to obtain a certificate to teach middle-level mathematics. The topics you review in this chapter will be covered in the section of the exam that measures your understanding of number sense and operations, which will account for about 17% of your score. In addition to providing a way for you to gauge your understanding of roots and radicals, the self-assessment quizzes allow you to preview the types of questions that you'll see on the real test.

Exam questions may ask you to choose a solution that solves a math problem and will be in multiple-choice format. You will be provided with a formula sheet and a calculator, which you may use to find the appropriate solution.

### 1. How to Find the Square Root of a Number

What is a square root? In this lesson, we'll learn what a square root is and how to find it. We'll review a variety of examples in order to master the concept.

### 2. Estimating Square Roots

Inverse operations are mathematical operations that undo each other. The square root is the inverse of the squared (or multiplying a number by itself) operation. There is an easy method for estimating the square root of a number, which you will learn in this lesson.

### 3. Simplifying Square Roots When not a Perfect Square

Numbers that are imperfect squares are those that, when evaluated, do not give solutions that are integers. The proper mathematical way to simplify these imperfect squares is discussed in this lesson.

### 4. Simplifying Expressions Containing Square Roots

In order to write radical expressions correctly, they have to be written in their simplest form. This lesson will show you how to simplify expressions containing numbers and variables inside a square root.

### 5. Radicands and Radical Expressions

It's easy to see that funky radical symbol and panic just a little bit. There are so many rules that go along with it, it's hard to keep up with them all. This lesson will help by describing what you should do when you are faced with a square root.

### 6. Evaluating Square Roots of Perfect Squares

Squares and square roots are inverse, or opposite, operations involving radicals. Learn how to determine the square root of perfect squares in this lesson.

### 7. Factoring Radical Expressions

Watch this video lesson to learn how to apply the product rule to your radical expressions. Learn how this product rule actually helps you to simplify your radicals as well.

### 8. Simplifying Square Roots of Powers in Radical Expressions

Simplifying radical expressions that contain powers can be tricky. There are a few simple rules that will help you perform these simplifications with ease. This lesson will teach you how.

### 9. Multiplying then Simplifying Radical Expressions

Multiplying 2 or more radical expressions uses the same principles as multiplying polynomials, with a few extra rules for dealing with the radicals. This lesson will teach you how to multiply and then simplify radical expressions.

### 10. Dividing Radical Expressions

When dividing radical expressions, we use the quotient rule. This lesson will describe the quotient rule and how to use it to solve these radical expressions.

### 11. Simplify Square Roots of Quotients

The quotient rule can be used to simplify square roots of quotients. This lesson will define the quotient rule and show you how it is used to simplify square roots.

### 12. Rationalizing Denominators in Radical Expressions

Radical expressions containing denominators are not simplified completely unless the denominator is free of radical symbols. This lesson will teach you how to remove a radical from the denominator of a fraction through a process called rationalizing the denominator.

### 13. Addition and Subtraction Using Radical Notation

There are specific rules governing adding and subtracting radical expressions. This lesson will describe these rules and give examples of how they are used.

### 14. Multiplying Radical Expressions with Two or More Terms

Multiplying radical expressions with more than two terms can be confusing. This lesson will take some of the confusion away by giving clear steps for multiplying these expressions. It will also provide some examples to help solidify the steps.

### 15. Solving Radical Equations: Steps and Examples

Solving radical equations is not any more difficult than solving other algebraic equations. This lesson will show you how to solve equations containing a square root and give some real-world examples.

### 16. Solving Radical Equations with Two Radical Terms

Solving equations with two radical terms takes some patience and care, but it really is not difficult. This lesson will show you the steps to solve these more complicated equations plus give you some examples to follow.

### 17. Cube Root: Definition, Formula & Examples

In this lesson, we're going to discover the world of cube roots! By the time we're done, you should be able to define what a cube root is, explain how to solve for the cube root of a number, and be familiar with several common cube roots.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the WEST Middle Grades Mathematics (203): Practice & Study Guide course

- WEST Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Integers
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Percents
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Measurements
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Angles
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- WEST Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Circles
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Probability
- WEST Middle Grades Math: Sets
- WEST Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards