Ch 42: WEST Middle Level Humanities: Ancient Roman History

About This Chapter

Use this chapter to review what you know about the history, government, key figures, and fall of the ancient Roman Empire as you study for the WEST-E Middle Level Humanities. Also in this chapter, review the historical facts of the Eastern Roman Empire and the Roman Republic.

WEST Middle Level Humanities: Ancient Roman History - Chapter Summary

Watch the videos in this chapter to improve your understanding of the rise and fall of the Roman Empire along with other events and leaders of ancient Rome. Start your review by following along with our professional instructors in this series of lesson videos as they explain the:

  • Early history of Ancient Rome
  • Rise and fall of the Roman Republic
  • Fall of Rome
  • Constantine's rule in the Eastern Roman Empire
  • Justinian's Code of Law after Constantine
  • Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire
  • Decline of the Byzantine Empire and the fall of Constantinople
  • Ancient Roman art, architecture and engineering

Take advantage of the versatility of these lessons and watch them on your mobile devices when you're on the go. Test your comprehension of the topics in each video by completing the lesson quizzes. Use the results from these quizzes to determine the subjects that you haven't mastered then return to the lessons with the timeline's jump feature or review the lesson transcripts to improve your understanding of them.

WEST Middle Level Humanities: Ancient Roman History Objectives

The Washington Educator Skills Test-Endorsements (WEST-E) Middle Level Humanities is used to assess potential middle grades social studies and language arts teachers' understanding of their fields of study. It is a two-part, computer-based certification exam that asks 110 multiple-choice questions divided between its two subtests. These subtests may be taken together in one 2.5-hour testing session or separately in two 1.25 hour testing sessions. Of the material covered by the second subtest, 33% falls under the domain of U.S. and world history, and may include questions about Roman history. Use this chapter to review the history of the Roman Empire as you prepare for the exam.

10 Lessons in Chapter 42: WEST Middle Level Humanities: Ancient Roman History
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

2. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

3. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Fall of Rome

4. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire

5. Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire

This lesson will explain the reign of Constantine and his move to Constantinople. It will focus on the advantages of its location, its ties to Roman law, and its homogeneous Christian population.

Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

6. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.

Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

7. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.

The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

8. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.

The Fall of Constantinople: History & Explanation

9. The Fall of Constantinople: History & Explanation

The Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453 CE marked the final collapse of the Roman Empire. This lesson will provide the background, summary, and far-reaching impact of this historical conflict.

Roman Art, Architecture & Engineering

10. Roman Art, Architecture & Engineering

In this lesson, you will explore the ways that the Romans filled their world with art, architecture, and marvels of engineering. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the WEST Middle Level Humanities (Subtests 1 & 2)(052/053): Practice & Study Guide course

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