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Ch 47: WEST Middle Level Humanities: Geographic Concepts & Tools

About This Chapter

Prepare for the WEST Middle Level Humanities exam by reviewing these videos on geographical and cartographic principles. Use the corresponding chapter test and lesson quizzes for valuable test-taking practice.

WEST Middle Level Humanities: Geographic Concepts & Tools - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, we help you reinforce your knowledge of geographical descriptions and analytical tools as you get ready to take the Washington Educator Skills Test-Endorsements (WEST-E) Middle Level Humanities test. Our videos are brief and chock-full of great memory aids and relevant information to maximize your scoring potential. The topics discussed in this chapter include:

  • Definitions, themes, and tools of geography
  • Map types and projections
  • Geographic regions and coordinates
  • Climate classifications and effects
  • Plate tectonics and other changes to the Earth's surface
  • Water distribution
  • Types of landforms

As you complete these lessons, you will be treated to interesting videos, handy lesson transcripts, and self-assessments designed to both measure your comprehension and provide practice in answering questions about geography. You can either follow along in the step-by-step lesson framework or skip to the videos and content which is most relevant to your individual study needs.

WEST Middle Level Humanities: Geographic Concepts & Tools Chapter Objectives

There are about 55 multiple-choice questions on the social studies subtest of the WEST-E Middle Level Humanities exam. In this section, you will encounter approximately 18 questions about basic geographical and social studies information, which may include some related to the topics in this chapter. Our lessons are brief and versatile, so be sure to check in regularly at home and on the go to get the greatest benefit toward passing this exam.

15 Lessons in Chapter 47: WEST Middle Level Humanities: Geographic Concepts & Tools
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types

1. What is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types

This lesson will define and explore the study of geography. In doing this, it will also explain the two main branches of geography, which are physical and cultural geography.

What Are The Five Themes of Geography?

2. What Are The Five Themes of Geography?

After watching this video, you will be able to explain what geography is and describe the five key themes that make up geography. A short quiz will follow.

Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS

3. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS

How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and global information systems, and their differences.

Types of Maps: Population, Topographic, Weather, Political & World Maps

4. Types of Maps: Population, Topographic, Weather, Political & World Maps

This lesson will explain the different types of maps used to interpret and study our world. In doing this, it will focus on maps that deal in elevation, population, weather patterns and more.

Map Projections: Mercator, Gnomonic & Conic

5. Map Projections: Mercator, Gnomonic & Conic

This lesson will explain and illustrate the Mercator, gnomonic, and conic map projections. In doing this, it will highlight the strengths and flaws of each while also defining the term 'cartographer'.

Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation

6. Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation

This lesson will seek to explain the geographic coordinate system. In doing so, it will explain latitude and longitude. It will also highlight the equator, the prime meridian, and the concept of elevation.

Types of Regions: Formal, Functional & Vernacular

7. Types of Regions: Formal, Functional & Vernacular

There are many different ways to divide land up into regions. In this lesson, we'll look at the common types of regions in geography, including formal regions, functional regions, and vernacular regions.

The Pacific Northwest & Pacific Rim Regions

8. The Pacific Northwest & Pacific Rim Regions

America's West Coast is part of multiple regions. In this lesson, we're going to explore the Pacific Northwest and Pacific Rim regions and see how they connect people in, and beyond, the United States.

Landform: Definition & Types

9. Landform: Definition & Types

Read about landforms and their major features. Learn the differences between formations like mountains and hills, valleys and canyons. (Hint: It has to do with their form.)

Climate Classifications & Their Global Distribution

10. Climate Classifications & Their Global Distribution

Earth has many climates, but we can categorize them based on common characteristics. In this video lesson you will identify the 5 major climate classifications on Earth, as well as where on Earth these climates are found.

Geography and Climate: Effects on Civilizations

11. Geography and Climate: Effects on Civilizations

In this lesson, we will look at the relationship between geography, climate, and civilization. We will learn why civilizations develop in particular regions and how this leads to lifestyle and cultural differences.

The Dynamic Earth: Internal & External Forces that Shape Earth's Surface

12. The Dynamic Earth: Internal & External Forces that Shape Earth's Surface

There are many geologic processes that shape the surface of the Earth. Not only do they build and destroy a variety of landscapes, but they also give us clues to the interior of the Earth and the forces that exist there.

Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

13. Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

After many years of trying to solve the mystery of the moving continents, enough data and evidence was collected to develop a unifying theory of how the surface of the earth changes. It's called plate tectonics.

Alfred Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift

14. Alfred Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift

People used to think that Earth was static, and that it never changed. Gradually, a body of evidence was gathered that made no sense in this model. Alfred Wegener, Geologic Supersleuth, laid the groundwork for a whole new theory for the large-scale changing nature of the earth.

The Distribution of Water on Earth

15. The Distribution of Water on Earth

Water covers most of Earth but in a variety of forms. In this video lesson you will learn about how water is distributed on Earth, though you may be surprised to find out just how little of it we can access!

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the WEST Middle Level Humanities (Subtests 1 & 2)(052/053): Practice & Study Guide course

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