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Ch 6: WEST Middle Level Humanities: Rhetorical Devices

About This Chapter

Use this chapter to improve your knowledge about the use of rhetorical devices in writing as you prepare for the WEST-E Middle Level Humanities exam. In this chapter, review the uses of clich├ęs, metaphors, irony and more.

WEST Middle Level Humanities: Rhetorical Devices - Chapter Summary

Watch these short, engaging videos to refresh your knowledge about rhetorical devices in writing. These lessons are taught by expert instructors who discuss the use of paradoxes, similes, literary motifs and other rhetorical devices. After watching these lessons, you should be better prepared for related questions on the Washington Educator Skills Test-Endorsements (WEST-E): Middle Level Humanities about:

  • Cliches, paradoxes and equivocations
  • Similes and metaphors
  • Differences between allusion and illusion
  • Synecdoche and metonymy
  • Euphemisms, symbolism and imagery
  • Consonance and assonance
  • Irony
  • Uses of rhetorical devices to set tone and mood

These lesson videos are mobile-device friendly so that you can watch them even when you are not at your computer. You can read over the lesson transcripts that present the information from the videos in a written format. Take the quizzes that accompany each lesson to test your understanding of the material. Use your quiz results to discover topics you don't understand and then use the jump feature in the timeline to re-watch main points of each video to reinforce your understanding of those topics.

WEST Middle Level Humanities: Rhetorical Devices Objectives

The state of Washington uses the WEST-E: Middle Level Humanities to measure future middle grades teachers' mastery over middle grades language arts and social studies. When you take this computer-based certification exam, you will be asked to complete two tests in either one 2.5-hour testing session or two 1.25-hour testing sessions. Each test is composed of 55 multiple-choice questions. On Subtest I, 42% of the questions are about the reading process and comprehension, 33% cover the writing process and applications and 25% focus on oral and visual communications. You can expect to see questions about rhetorical devices in all three of these domains.

15 Lessons in Chapter 6: WEST Middle Level Humanities: Rhetorical Devices
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples

1. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples

Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.

Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples

2. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples

Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.

What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types

3. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types

Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.

Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples

4. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples

Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.

Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples

5. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples

Would you lend your ears for a moment (or at least your eyeballs)? This lesson will explain what synecdoche and metonymy mean and how to spot them in a piece of prose or poetry.

Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples

6. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples

In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.

Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions

7. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions

Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.

What Are Literary Motifs? - Definition & Examples

8. What Are Literary Motifs? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn about how writers use themes in works of literature as a way to explore universal ideas like love and war. You will also explore motifs, or repeating objects and ideas, which can contribute to theme.

What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama

9. What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama

In this lesson, learn about catharsis, a purging of feelings that occurs when audiences have strong emotional reactions to a work of literature. Explore examples of literary works which lead to catharsis, including tragedies.

Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples

10. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples

Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.

Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples

11. Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples

In this lesson, explore the different ways authors repeat consonant and vowel sounds in their literary works. Learn about how writers use repeated words and phrases with well-known examples.

Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples

12. Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples

In this lesson, explore the use of understatement as a way to draw attention to a specific quality or to add humor. Learn about litotes, a specific form of understatement, and discover examples from literature.

Euphemism: Definition & Examples

13. Euphemism: Definition & Examples

This lesson defines euphemisms, alternate language used in place of offensive language or when discussing taboo topics. Explore some examples of euphemisms in everyday language and well-known examples from literature.

Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples

14. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples

In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.

Tone vs. Mood: Interpreting Meaning In Prose

15. Tone vs. Mood: Interpreting Meaning In Prose

In this lesson, learn the difference between the tone and the mood of a piece of prose. Explore examples of how tone and mood are conveyed by authors through word choice and telling details.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the WEST Middle Level Humanities (Subtests 1 & 2)(052/053): Practice & Study Guide course

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