Ch 20: Western Civilization Since 1945 - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Refresh your knowledge of western civilization following World War II by reviewing this chapter. Strengthening your grasp of this history will help you become better prepared for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test.

Western Civilization Since 1945: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, you will be presented with the stories of European and American politics and culture from 1945 to the modern day. This information is catered towards the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test objectives, so this chapter provides an invaluable resource. The topics covered in these lessons include:

  • American society during WWII
  • Economic recovery programs in post-WWII Europe
  • Development of European democracies
  • Conflicts due to the creation of modern Israel
  • Fights for independence throughout the world after WWII
  • Creation of Taiwan and the Chinese Revolution
  • The Domino Theory and other Cold War policies and conflicts
  • America, the Soviet Union and the Space Race
  • End of the Cold War
  • Post-modernism, existentialism, and other religions and philosophies since 1945
  • Science, technology, social, and political developments since WWII
  • Changes in art and culture in the latter half of the 20th century
  • Globalization

Each video lesson is accompanied by a full transcript which feature highlighted key words that will benefit your study of these topics. To best prepare for the exam, be sure to take the self-assessments at the end of each lesson to gauge how well you comprehend the information.

Western Civilization Since 1945: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Objectives

The ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test assesses your understanding of material typically taught in a middle school social science course to determine whether you are qualified for certification in this subject. Of the approximately 150 multiple-choice questions, 50% are related to history topics.

This chapter conveys information directly related to multiple objectives, including the consequences of WWII and the Cold War. By studying the video lessons provided and taking the practice quizzes, you will familiarize yourself with information on which you may be tested during the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test. The quizzes ask questions that are in multiple-choice form, so this will provide you with valuable experience in answering history questions in the same format as you'll find on the exam.

14 Lessons in Chapter 20: Western Civilization Since 1945 - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Economic Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: Recovery Programs & Their Effect

1. Economic Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: Recovery Programs & Their Effect

In this lesson, we explore the measures taken by the United States to aid its European allies in combating the severe economic depression in Europe immediately after World War II.

Political Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: History & Impact

2. Political Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: History & Impact

In this lesson, we explore the political reconstruction of Europe in the years immediately following World War II and the splitting of Europe between capitalist and communist states.

The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts

3. The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts

In this lesson, we explore the movements and political developments that led to the creation of the state of Israel and the subsequent backlash from the Arab world.

Post-WWII Independence Movements Around the World: History & Examples

4. Post-WWII Independence Movements Around the World: History & Examples

In this lesson, we explore the diverse and varied experience of decolonization in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa after World War II when Western Europe began to withdraw its claims to far away territory and colonies.

The Chinese Revolution and Creation of Taiwan: History & Timeline

5. The Chinese Revolution and Creation of Taiwan: History & Timeline

In this lesson we explore the long struggle between the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party before, during, and after WWII, and the subsequent creation of Taiwan after the communist victory.

Conflicts During the Cold War: Examples & Causes

6. Conflicts During the Cold War: Examples & Causes

In this lesson, we explore several of the world's conflicts in the second half of the 20th century that ended up becoming proxy wars between the United States and the Soviet Union in their Cold War standoff.

The Space Race: Definition, History & Timeline

7. The Space Race: Definition, History & Timeline

In this lesson, we explore the 20th century's space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, where both superpowers competed to be the first in space and the first to reach the moon.

Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline

8. Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline

In this lesson, we chart the reforms made by Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev attempting to save the Soviet Union and the communist federation's eventual dissolution in 1991.

Religion & Philosophy Since 1945

9. Religion & Philosophy Since 1945

In this lesson, we explore some of the major developments in the world of ideas since the end of World War II, from the increased public engagement of professional philosophy and Catholicism to the growth of Islam.

The Advance of Science & Technology Since 1945: Developments & Impact

10. The Advance of Science & Technology Since 1945: Developments & Impact

In this lesson, we explore just a few of the numerous advances and innovations made in the worlds of sciences and technology, from automobiles and televisions to computers and phones that can fit in the palm of your hand.

Social & Political Developments Since 1945

11. Social & Political Developments Since 1945

In this lesson, we examine several social and political developments in the United States and in Western Europe since 1945, from the civil rights movement to the creation of the European Union.

Art & Culture Since 1945: Types & Artists

12. Art & Culture Since 1945: Types & Artists

In this lesson, we explore the art and culture of post-World War II Western society, from the fledgling television programming to the disparate directions of 20th-century art.

Globalization & Politics

13. Globalization & Politics

The term 'globalization' gets tossed about quite a lot, but what exactly does it mean? In this lesson, you'll learn what globalization is and how it can affect states and their citizens. We'll also discuss the North-South gap. A quiz follows.

The United States During WWII: The Home Front

14. The United States During WWII: The Home Front

When the United States entered World War II in December 1941, life changed almost overnight for those on the battle front and on the home front. Learn about the war's dramatic and lasting effects on American government, economy and society.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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