About This Chapter
Westward Expansion, Economic Growth & U.S. Foreign Relations from 1789-1877 - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter provide an overview of the westward expansion, economic growth, and U.S. foreign relations from 1789-1877. You can learn about the Panic of 1837, slavery in America, and how the transportation revolution altered the centers of economic power. You may also improve your knowledge of Manifest Destiny and the displacement of Native Americans. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Discuss how the War of 1812 affected America
- Recount what happened during the Panic of 1819
- Detail the main points in the Monroe Doctrine
- Explain America's 19th century expansion into the West
- Discuss the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
- Explain the shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy
- Describe life in New York and Philadelphia during the 19th century
- Discuss the commitment of the South to a rural, leisurely lifestyle
These lessons help you quickly grasp the topics presented, and our instructors facilitate an engaging learning experience. You can review all the lessons in order, or just look at the lessons that cover the topics you need to review. Additionally, a short quiz is available for each lesson to test your knowledge.
1. War of 1812: Causes & Effects
In this lesson, you'll examine the events that led to the War of 1812, as well as the effects that the war had on a young American nation. Then, you'll be able to test your understanding with a short quiz.
2. Panic of 1819: Summary & Causes
The Panic of 1819 was the first major economic depression in U.S. history. Banks closed, houses and farms were foreclosed, and nearly everyone was affected. In this lesson, focus on the Panic of 1819 and its causes.
3. Monroe Doctrine: Definition, Purpose & Summary
The Monroe Doctrine is a foreign policy statement created in 1823. In this lesson, you'll learn about the doctrine's main points and how it was interpreted and applied over the following century.
4. Westward U.S. Expansion (1820-1860)
This lesson will explain America's 19th century expansion into the West. It will define the concept of Manifest Destiny and highlight the displacement of Native Americans.
5. The Mexican-American War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo & the Wilmot Proviso
The controversial Mexican-American War lasted from 1846-1848. In this lesson, discover how the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo expanded the southern part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
6. The Transportation Revolution: Turnpikes to Steamboats to Railroads
In the half-century before the Civil War, America experienced a transportation revolution that improved the way people and goods crossed the nation, opened up new areas for settlement and altered the centers of economic power.
7. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution
In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.
8. Problems of Urbanization and Daily Life in the North
In the antebellum years, American cities grew. Find out why and what it was like to live in New York, Philadelphia and other Northern cities in the middle of the 19th century.
9. Life in the South: Ordered Society and Economy of the Southern States
While the North was urbanizing and industrializing, the South became more committed to its rural, leisurely lifestyle and its agricultural economy built on slave labor. Limited industry did exist, but cotton was king!
10. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response
The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.
11. Panic of 1837: Causes & Summary
The Panic of 1837 was the first depression of America's industrial era. Develop an understanding of this financial crisis and test your knowledge with a short quiz.
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Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading & Research Skills
- Historiography & World History
- Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Early Indian Civilization
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
- The Spread of Islam & The Byzantine Empire
- Europe after the Decline of the Roman Empire
- Overview of Global Religions
- The European Renaissance & Protestant Reformation
- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- European Expansion from 1450-1650
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
- Impacts of European Imperialism
- Causes & Consequences of World War I
- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
- Contemporary Global Challenges
- The Precontact Period & Settling North America
- Causes & Consequences of the American Revolution
- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Major Figures in U.S. History from the Precontact Period-1789
- Political & Constitutional Developments from 1789-1877
- Major Antebellum Reform Movements & Key Reformers
- Sectionalism & the American Civil War
- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
- The American Progressive Era
- American Imperialism & Rise to International Power
- The 1920s in the U.S.
- Causes & Effects of the Great Depression
- U.S. Foreign Policy since World War II
- Major U.S. Political Events & Developments since 1945
- U.S. Economic Developments since 1946
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
- Major Social & Political U.S. Movements During the Postwar Period
- Basic Geographic Terms & Concepts
- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
- Physical Features of the Earth
- Characteristics of World Geography
- Elements of Weather & Climate
- Human Societies & the Environment
- Characteristics of Human Systems
- Basic Political Science Terms & Concepts
- Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science
- Systems of Government
- Key Political Documents
- Significance of Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
- U.S. Electoral System & Political Process Participation
- U.S. Citizenship Rights & Responsibilities
- Levels of U.S. Government
- Basic Economic Terms & Concepts
- Microeconomics Concepts & Laws
- Interpreting Economic Information
- Operation of Business Firms
- Fundamentals of Consumer Economics
- Fundamentals of Personal Finance
- Economic Institutions & Groups
- Unemployment, Inflation & Deflation
- NES Social Science Flashcards