Ch 30: Westward Expansion & Industrialization - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Relive the westward expansion of the United States as you review for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam. Our lessons offer comprehensive coverage of this era in American history, and will help you prepare for the test.

ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Westward Expansion & Industrialization - Chapter Summary

Follow the homesteaders and the transcontinental railroad as the United States expands from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Renew your acquaintance with such men as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller as you relive the Gilded Age, and take a look at how technology progressed during the Second Industrial Revolution. Once you've studied this chapter thoroughly, you could be ready for ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam questions. The lessons cover the following:

  • The Homestead Act of 1862 and westward expansion
  • The transcontinental railroad
  • Impact of westward expansion on Native Americans
  • The Second Industrial Revolution: impact on labor and economics
  • The Robber Barons, new technologies and the Gilded Age
  • Nativism, immigration and urbanization
  • Growth of the American middle class

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11 Lessons in Chapter 30: Westward Expansion & Industrialization - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis

1. Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis

Between the mid-1800s and the turn of the 20th century, the American frontier opened and closed abruptly. What factors influenced this land rush, and how did it help shape American history?

Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

2. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

After decades of wrangling, plans were finalized for construction of a transcontinental railroad during the Civil War. After completion in 1869, the railroad changed many aspects of American life, for better or worse.

Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

3. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.

Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution

4. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution

With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'

American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models

5. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models

American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.

Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons

6. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons

The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.

Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution

7. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution

In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.

Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

8. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.

Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

9. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.

Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

10. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.

Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution

11. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution

In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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