About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900) chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Westward expansion||Effects of industrialization, Homestead Act of 1862, transcontinental railroad, relations with Native Americans|
|Tuesday||Industrial economics in the Gilded Age||Rise of business trusts and monopolies, Andrew Carnegie, Robber Barons, Frederick Taylor|
|Wednesday||The political machine and changing politics||Labor unions, civil service reform, law enforcement, development of political parties|
|Thursday||Immigration and urbanization||Living conditions, mass migration to cities, citizenship, urban planning|
|Friday||Class structure and social services||Middle class development, urban reform, literary movements, religious organization response, efforts of social services|
1. Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis
Between the mid-1800s and the turn of the 20th century, the American frontier opened and closed abruptly. What factors influenced this land rush, and how did it help shape American history?
2. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact
After decades of wrangling, plans were finalized for construction of a transcontinental railroad during the Civil War. After completion in 1869, the railroad changed many aspects of American life, for better or worse.
3. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age
In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.
4. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
5. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
6. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.
7. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency
Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.
8. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.
9. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
10. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
11. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.
12. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
13. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
14. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements
Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.
15. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.
16. The Impact of Immigration on Contemporary American Society
The United States is a 'Nation of Immigrants,' and always has been. This lesson will examine the perception of immigrants on the U.S. as well as the actual effect.
17. Transcontinental Railroad: Construction, History & Impact
In this lesson, we will discuss how the Transcontinental Railroad was built and how it changed the United States. Learn more about the challenges of building the railroad and why it was so important, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
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Other chapters within the High School US History Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- First Contacts (28,000 BCE-1821 CE) Lesson Plans
- Settling North America (1497-1732) Lesson Plans
- The Road to Revolution (1700--1774) Lesson Plans
- The American Revolution (1775-1783) Lesson Plans
- Making of a New Nation (1776-1800) Lesson Plans
- The Virginia Dynasty (1801-1825) Lesson Plans
- Jacksonian Democracy (1825-1850) Lesson Plans
- Life in Antebellum America (1807-1861) Lesson Plans
- Manifest Destiny (1806-1855) Lesson Plans
- Sectional Crisis (1850-1861) Lesson Plans
- American Civil War (1861-1865) Lesson Plans
- Reconstruction (1865-1877) Lesson Plans
- The Progressive Era (1900-1917) Lesson Plans
- American Imperialism (1890-1919) Lesson Plans
- The Roaring 20's (1920-1929) Lesson Plans
- The Great Depression (1929-1940) Lesson Plans
- World War II (1941-1945) Lesson Plans
- Post-War World (1946-1959) Lesson Plans
- The Cold War (1950-1973) Lesson Plans
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience (1954-1973) Lesson Plans
- The 1970's (1969-1979) Lesson Plans
- The Rise of Political Conservatism (1980-1992) Lesson Plans
- Contemporary America (1992-2013) Lesson Plans